The gut microbiome and heart failure: A better gut for a better heart.

The gut microbiome and heart failure: A better gut for a better heart. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2019 Nov 09;: Authors: Branchereau M, Burcelin R, Heymes C Abstract Despite the development of new drugs and therapeutic strategies, mortality and morbidity related to heart failure (HF) remains high. It is also the leading cause of global mortality. Several concepts have been proposed to explore the underlying pathogenesis of HF, but there is still a strong need for more specific and complementary therapeutic options. In recent years, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that changes in the composition of gut microbiota, referred to as dysbiosis, might play a pivotal role in the development of several diseases, including HF. HF-associated decreased cardiac output, resulting in bowell wall oedema and intestine ischaemia, can alter gut structure, peamibility and function. These changes would favour bacterial translocation, exacerbating HF pathogenesis at least partly through activation of systemic inflammation. Although our knowledge of the precise molecular mechanisms by which gut dysbiosis influance HF is still limited, a growing body of evidence has recently demonstrated the impact of a series of gut microbiome-derived metabolites, such as trimetylamine N-oxide, short-chain fatty acids or secondary bile acids, which have been shown to play critical roles in cardiac health and disease. This review will summarize the role of gut microbiota and its metabolite...
Source: ENDOCR REV - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Rev Endocr Metab Disord Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur data show that sGC activator improves cardiomyocyte function, reduces inflammation and oxidative stress, improves sGC–PKG signaling, and normalizes hypertrophic kinases, indicating that it is a potential treatment option for HFpEF patients and perhaps also for cases with increased hypertrophic signaling.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study demonstrated that Nrf2 deficiency promoted the increasing trend of autophagy during aging in skeletal muscle. Nrf2 deficiency and increasing age may cause excessive autophagy in skeletal muscle, which can be a potential mechanism for the development of sarcopenia. To What Degree is Chondrocyte Hypertrophy in Osteoarthritis Due to Cellular Senescence? https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/04/to-what-degree-is-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-in-osteoarthritis-due-to-cellular-senescence/ Senescent cells are large. They do not replicate, that function is disabled, but it is as if they go ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study we evaluated the beneficial effects of cardamonin (CAR), a flavone existing in Alpinia plant, on endotoxemia-induced cardiac dysfunction and the underlying mechanisms with focus on oxidative stress and apoptosis. Adult mice were exposed to LPS (4 mg/kg, i.p. for 6 h) prior to functional or biochemical assessments. CAR (20 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered to mice immediately prior to LPS challenge. We found that LPS challenge compromised cardiac contractile function, evidenced by compromised fractional shortening, peak shortening, maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening, enlarged LV end ...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
Authors: Sun B, Meng M, Wei J, Wang S Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRs) serve critical roles in various cellular processes and can be used as noninvasive biomarkers in human diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) and miR-190a-5p on vascular endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and assess their clinical value in the diagnosis of chronic heart failure (CHF). The expression of PVT1 and miR-190a-5p was investigated using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. The interaction between PVT1 and miR-190a-5p was confirmed u...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationOur study provides the first evidence thatAkap1 deficiency exacerbates diabetic cardiomyopathy by impeding mitochondrial translocation of NDUFS1 to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Our findings suggest thatAkap1 upregulation has therapeutic potential for myocardial injury in individuals with diabetes.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Jin B, Ji F, Zuo A, Liu H, Qi L, He Y, Wang Q, Zhao P Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality. In patients with HF, decreased cardiac output and blood redistribution results in decreased intestinal perfusion and destruction of intestinal barrier. Microorganisms and endotoxins can migrate into the blood circulation, aggravating systemic inflammation and HF. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is highly closed to the occurrence of HF. However, the exact mechanism between TMAO and HF remains unclear.To investigate the role of TMAO in transverse-tubule (T-tubule) in the cultured ca...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our studies show that Celastrol inhibits Ang II-induced cardiac dysfunction by inhibiting STAT3 activity. PMID: 32098592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-comparison-of-biological-age-measurement-approaches/ Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractDespite the development of new drugs and therapeutic strategies, mortality and morbidity related to heart failure (HF) remains high. It is also the leading cause of global mortality. Several concepts have been proposed to explore the underlying pathogenesis of HF, but there is still a strong need for more specific and complementary therapeutic options. In recent years, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that changes in the composition of gut microbiota, referred to as dysbiosis, might play a pivotal role in the development of several diseases, including HF. HF-associated decreased cardiac output, resulting in b...
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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