Hypersexualization and Sexualization in Advertisements for Halloween Costumes
AbstractConcerns about sexualization of Halloween costumes appear frequently in the lay press, but systematic investigation of such costumes or the ads in which they appear is relatively rare. We coded a randomly selected sample of 1001 advertisements for child, teen, and adult Halloween costumes for 13 different markers of sexualization that we combined into overall scores for costume sexualization, model sexualization, and hypersexualization. We found that ratings of model characteristics and costume were significantly more sexualized when the model was adult and female. Significant interactions indicated that model characteristics and costumes of male models were low in sexualization regardless of age, whereas model characteristics and costumes featuring female models were rated more sexualized than those for male models, even for child models, and sexualization ratings increased with age. A measure of hypersexualization (combining costume and model characteristic ratings and adding text sexualization) showed that hypersexualization is highest in advertisements featuring female and adult models while being low for male models across all three age groups. However, hypersexualization ratings were not significantly different for teen and adult women, indicating some compression of sexualization into adolescence. Our results could be used by parents, educators, or counselors interested in media literacy.
Antioxidants&Redox Signaling, Ahead of Print.
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Satheesh Krishna, Ashley Leckie, Ania Kielar, Robert Hartman, Ashish KhandelwalAbstractCystic renal masses are common incidental findings on cross-sectional imaging. Accurate characterisation of cystic renal masses is essential to guide management. Renal mass protocol comprises of a good quality non-contrast, corticomedullary and nephrographic phases with each phase providing complementary information for diagnosis. Attenuation measurements in different phases are central to the ‘golden-rules’ in renal mass i...
This article reviews the risks and benefits of GBCA administration.
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Arun Jose, Akhil Kher, Robert E. O’Donnell, Jean M. ElwingAbstractPurposeTargeted treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), diagnosed via right heart catheterization (RHC), has been shown to improve morbidity and mortality. Identifying characteristics that predict clinical worsening has been challenging. We sought to evaluate the role of cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) as a predictor of clinical worsening in a cohort of treatment-naïve pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients.MethodsWe performed a r...
Events: Conference Call Bayer 2030 Sustainable Development ObjectivesLive today at approx. 2:00 p.m. CET (1:00 p.m. UTC): Investor Conference Call: Bayer 2030 Sustainable Development ObjectivesLink to websiteAll changes
Bayer to significantly step-up its sustainability efforts2030 target to be carbon neutral in own operations / Ambitious 2030 objectives for access to health and nutrition in low- and middle-income countries and underserved communities / Measurable sustainability targets to be incorporated into management compensationmehr ...
to the article “Attachment Disorders,” by Gail Hornor, published in the September/October 2019 issue of the Journal (Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 33, 612–622).
This article presents a case report that illustrates how evasive the diagnosis of pericardial effusion can be. The early symptoms of pericardial effusion resemble common viral conditions that can easily be overlooked. Subtle presenting symptoms and the importance of urgent multidisciplinary collaboration and emergent referral for the child with pericarditis are summarized.
This article provides an overview of CALMs, followed by a summary of several conditions associated with CALMs ranging from the most common (neurofibromatosis type 1) to rare, ring chromosome syndromes.