Predictive Utility of a Machine Learning Algorithm in Estimating Mortality Risk in Cardiac Surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning algorithms such as XGBoost have promise in predictive analytics in cardiac surgery. The modest improvements in model performance demonstrated in the current study warrant further validation in larger cohorts of patients. PMID: 31706872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

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Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
a Nemčić The aim of this study was to examine the quality of life and to report on the utility and QALY measures in patients before and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); to investigate whether the SF-12 is comparable with the SF-36 for measuring health-related quality of life of patients with CABG; and to determine the impact of individual predictors on poor quality of life assessment after rehabilitation. This prospective study was conducted between January 2017 and December 2018 at the University Hospital Center Osijek, at three time points: pre-operation, 1 month after surgery, and after rehabilitation...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Condition:   Moderate Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation Intervention:   Procedure: Mitral valve repair Sponsor:   Assiut University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsIn patients with MI and IGT, high plasma BNP levels predicted the occurrence of coronary stenosis, recurrent MI, and worsening of HF, whereas diuretic use did not predict the progression of coronary stenosis but non-fatal MI and worsening of HF.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The aim was to use a propensity score-based analysis to determine the impact of peripheral artery disease (PAD) on early outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery grafting (CABG) in patients with PAD.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsCardiac rehabilitation programs containing exercise may provide broader cardiovascular benefits compared to those without exercise.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 382, Issue 8, Page 778-779, February 2020.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe extent of left atrial inflammation in AF patients was not related to the AF risk factors, diabetes and gender, but was associated with increasing age in patients with long-standing persistent/permanent AF. This may be indicative for a role of inflammation in the progression to long-standing persistent/permanent AF with increasing age.Graphic abstract
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Since 2017, the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services penalizes hospitals with high readmission rates after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Home health care (HHC) is a proven tool to support the transition after discharge. Thus we performed a propensity-matched analysis to determine the impact of HHC on readmissions following CABG.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This prospective study aimed to investigate predisposition of proteins and metabolites correlated to POAF after CABG and related cellular pathways.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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