Current Perspectives for Diabetes and Allostatic Load: The Role of Nutrition

Allostasis and allostatic load are new concepts explaining the changes in body stemming from chronic stress. These concepts are explained with the assessment of metabolic, cardiovascular, inflammatory, and neuroendocrine systems. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with the fluctuations in fasting plasma glucose, and also in other various biomarkers and poses a risk forother chronic diseases. The course and duration of the disease, genetic factors, and environmental factors, including nutrition, aggravate these complications. Allostatic load is a multi-system assessment. Individuals’ compliance with the medical nutrition therapy in the short and long-term, changes in anthropometric and biochemical biomarkers that are used to measure the nutritional status. In the monitoring of patients with diabetes, it’s important to assess metabolic, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and immune system biomarkers as well as fasting blood glucose. There exist studies in the literature, investigating the relationship of the allostatic load with socio-economic status, chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, gender, and ethnicity. In these studies, chronic stress, nutritional status, stress, and allostasis are briefly described. In the present literature review, it was aimed to evaluate different aspects of the relationships among diabetes, nutrition, allostatic load, and stress.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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Condition:   Bile Acid, Microbiota, Treatment of Diabetes Intervention:   Sponsor:   Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Interventions:   Drug: Dapagliflozin Pill;   Drug: Empagliflozin Pill;   Drug: Placebo pill Sponsor:   Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is an available tumor biomarker mainly for detecting ovarian cancer. However, it is unknown whether it can be a novel indicator for diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of serum HE4 as a novel biomarker for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 236 patients with T2DM and 82 healthy individuals. Serum HE4 was detected by ARCHITECT i2000 and compared between T2DM patients and healthy controls. The relationships between various variables and HE4 were analyzed by univariate or multivari...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study is to identify the circular RNA (circRNA) expression profile that is functionally related to pancreatic islet β-cell autophagy and their potential regulation mechanisms in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM rat model was constructed by administration of high-fat and high-sugar diet. β-cells were isolated from islets by flow cytometry. CircRNA expression profile in β-cells was detected by circRNA microarrays, and the differentially expressed circRNAs were identified and validated by qRT-PCR. MicroRNA (miRNA) target prediction software and multiple bioinformatic approaches were used to construct ...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
In this study, sitagliptin nanoparticles (sizes ranging from 210 to 618 nm) were developed. The bioadhesion properties of the nanoparticles, as well as the swelling of the nanoparticles on the mucus membrane aided in sustained drug release. The pattern of drug release was in accordance with the Peppas model. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy demonstrated that there were no significant interactions between sitagliptin and chitosan. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results showed an absence of drug peaks due to the fact that the drug was present in an amorphous state. Mucoadhesive nanoparticles wer...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Zeinab Naeini, Omid Toupchian, Akram Vatannejad, Gity Sotoudeh, Maryam Teimouri, Mostafa Ghorbani, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Fariba KoohdaniAbstractBackground and AimsOmega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are natural peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) ligands. Activated PPAR-γ protects the cardiovascular system against atherosclerotic lesion formation and exerts its anti-inflammatory role by suppressing cytokines induced by nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) in endoth...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Authors: Torres M, Herrera MT, Fabián-San-Miguel G, Gonzalez Y Abstract Diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and poor glucose control, is a risk factor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) infection and the development of active tuberculosis. To evaluate whether M. tuberculosis infection susceptibility is associated with an intrinsic factor in monocytes from type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients or it is associated with hyperglycemia per se, we analyzed TLR-2 and TLR-4 expression by flow cytometry and the cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α by cytome...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
ConclusionMCS has an anti-diabetic effect, which may be related to its improving the lipid metabolism disorder, reducing oxidative stress level and regulating insulin signaling pathway.
Source: Electronic Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Francesca Saitta, Marco Signorelli, Dimitrios FessasAbstractA fifteen-components model membrane that reflected the 80% of phospholipids present in Insulin Secretory Granules was obtained and thermodynamic exploitation was performed, through micro-DSC, in order to assess the synergic contributions to the stability of a mixed complex system very close to real membranes. Simpler systems were also stepwise investigated, to complete a previous preliminary study and to highlight a hierarchy of interactions that can be now s...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
To study whether minimal doses of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and lipoxin A4 (LXA4) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), when used in combination ...
Source: Lipids in Health and Disease - Category: Lipidology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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