Integrated analysis of gene modulation profile identifies pathogenic factors and pathways in the liver of diabetic mice

ConclusionThese findings provide valuable reference data that can facilitate further detailed investigations to elucidate the pathogenic mechanism of obesity-induced diabetes in mice, which can be associated with the human condition to inform new prevention and treatment strategies.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with central obesity is a common clinical presentation in Chinese patients. Body mass index (BMI) is a criterion determining central obesity that, when combined with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), accurately reflects body composition and fat mass distribution. The utility of DXA-derived measures in the evaluation of metabolic surgery still needs to be investigated.MethodsIn this cohort study, 78 Chinese patients with central obesity (WC  ≥ 90 cm for males, WC ≥ 85 cm for females) or BMI above 27.5 kg/m2 underwent gas...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the association of Computed tomography quantified visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using CKD-EPI formula, diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), proteinuria, lipid profile, and hypertension. Increased adipose tissue is the primary phenotypic characteristic of obesity. The amount and distribution of adipose tissue is associated with many adverse consequences, as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc. Abdominal CT with semi-automated software can quantify adipose tissue and predict the risk...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: This pilot study showed that a diabetes specific nutritional supplement was useful in improving glycemic control and reducing glycemic response in overweight and obese Asian Indian adults with T2DM. PMID: 31801326 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
ska M Abstract In the study, 305 patients of both genders were enrolled and divided into three groups: obese (BMI> 30 kg/m2), patients who were diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and control, normal weight healthy volunteers. At least one of ten different phthalate metabolites was determined in the urine samples of 49.84% all enrolled participants. In the obese subgroup, the sum of all urinary phthalate metabolites was positively associated with TG levels (p = 0.031) together with derived TC/HDL and TG/HDL ratios (p = 0.023 and 0.015), respectively. Urinary MEP concentration was positively correlated wi...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
ConclusionsChildren with obesity and increased liver transaminases as surrogates of NAFLD should be screened for T2DM.
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
DiscussionThis overview will assess current evidence from systematic reviews for the association between cadmium exposure and risk of T2DM and other metabolic morbidities. This overview may be helpful for policy-makers and healthcare teams aiming to mitigate T2DM risk in populations at risk of cadmium exposure.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019125956
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractPurposesBiliopancreatic diversion could improve type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aim was to investigate the effects of biliary jejunostomy on the improvement of glucose.Materials and MethodsTwenty-seven type 2 diabetes patients underwent biliary jejunostomy between January 2013 and January 2018 in our hospital and were followed up. Demographic data, operation details, body weight, food intake, effects on diabetes control, and biomedical parameters were collected and analyzed.ResultsAs defined previously, 3 of 27 diabetes patients were “under control,” 8 patients were “in remission,” and 12 pati...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prenatal smoking is associated with higher odds of GDM, after adjusting for known risk factors, and stratifying by prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain. Reducing smoking during pregnancy might reduce the risk of GDM and could be an additional reason for promoting smoking cessation among pregnant women. PMID: 31809434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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