Identification of Subtype-Specific Three-Gene Signature for Prognostic Prediction in Diffuse Type Gastric Cancer

Gastric cancer (GC), with high heterogeneity, can be mainly classified into intestinal type and diffuse type according to the Lauren classification system. Although a number of differences were reported between these two types, no study on the Lauren subtype-specific multi-gene signature for evaluation of GC prognosis has been conducted, and the molecular mechanism underlying its poor prognosis has still remained elusive. Therefore, this study aimed to explore subtype-specific multi-gene signature for prognostic prediction in different subtypes of Lauren classification. With combination of the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm and the Akaike information criterion (AIC), the 3-gene subtype-specific prognostic signature was successfully established in diffuse type GC using GSE62254 dataset. Following the calculation of risk score (RS) based on 3-gene signature, the nomogram models were established to predict 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival in diffuse type GC. Moreover, the prognostic predictive nomogram model of diffuse type GC was also proved to be effective for validation of GSE1549 dataset and by a Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)-based meta-analysis. In the analysis of the correlation between RS and clinical-pathological characteristics, RS and two genes of the 3-gene signature (EMCN and COL4A5) were found to be positively correlated with peritoneal metastasis. Furthermore, EMCN and COL4A5, rather than CCL11, were proved to be able to enhanc...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our studies demonstrate that PA-2 and DOX synergistically induce mitochondria-dependent apoptosis as PA-2 inhibits the PI3K/Akt, ERK1/2 and p38 pathways in HGC27 cells. These findings suggest that the combination treatment with PA-2 and DOX may represent a potent therapy for gastric cancer.
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionCareful evaluation of the clinical findings and close observation with EGD can help detect mucosal demarcation lines and ascertain the perfect timing for intervention in cases with suspected ischemia. Although gastric remnant ischemia requires emergency treatment, laparoscopic management is a feasible option when performed by an expert surgeon.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
DNA repair genes can be used as prognostic biomarkers in many types of cancer. We aimed to identify prognostic DNA repair genes in patients with gastric cancer (GC) by systematically bioinformatic approaches using web-based database. Global gene expression profiles from altogether 1,325 GC patients' samples from six independent datasets were included in the study. Clustering analysis was performed to screen potentially abnormal DNA repair genes related to the prognosis of GC, followed by unsupervised clustering analysis to identify molecular subtypes of GC. Characteristics and prognosis differences were analyzed among thes...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to prospectively determine the association between gastric polyps and colorectal neoplasia.Methods A multicenter prospective cross-sectional study was performed from July 2012 to December 2014. We compared patients with and without gastric polyps for prevalence of colorectal adenomas. The odds ratios (OR) were computed by logistic regression analysis after multivariable adjustments.Results Totally 1546 patients were included, with 770 patients in the gastric polyp group and 776 in the age- and sex- matched control group. Patients with gastric polyps had greater odds of having any colorectal a...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Backgrounds: High blood glucose or hyperglycemia is an established risk factor for the development and progression of cancer at many sites, whereas data on the relevance between low blood glucose or hypoglycemia and cancer survival are lacking.Aims: We aimed to assess the shape of risk trajectory between preoperative fasting glucose and postoperative digestive cancer-specific mortality in Chinese.Methods: In total, 6865 patients who underwent radical surgery for esophageal cancer (n=2535), gastric cancer (n=3012) and colorectal cancer (n=1318) during 2000-2010 were followed up as of December 2015. All patients received nei...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit-associated protein 3 (CDK5RAP3) was identified as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer, while, minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 (MCM6), which is closely related to the initiation of DNA replication, was reported to be upregulated in multiple malignancies. However, the interaction between these two proteins has not been investigated in gastric cancer. Here, we evaluate the connection between CDK5RAP3 and MCM6 using mass spectrometry and immunoprecipitation. In cells, cell growth and invasiveness indicate that CDK5RAP3 acts as a tumor suppressor by preventing the eff...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study investigates the effect of age on LNM in patients with GC.Methods: From January 1988 to December 2013, 22,808 GC patients underwent gastrectomy at the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database were included. The relationship between age and LNM was analyzed.Results: The median number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) was 12 (interquartile range [IQR], 7-20) among the 22,808 patients with GC, and the median numbers of ELNs were 10 (IQR, 5-18), 12 (IQR, 6-19), 13 (IQR, 7-21) and 13 (IQR, 7-21) in patients with T1 to T4 disease, respectively. A total of 13,780 (60.4%) patients presented with LNM. The LNM ra...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intratumoral PSMD1 expression is a novel independent predictor of DFS and OS in GC patients. In the future, large-scale prospective studies will be necessary to confirm our findings regarding its potential prognostic and therapeutic value for GC patients.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study demonstrated that AR and CCRK acted as oncogenes in GC progression. However, their clinical roles require further exploration.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Background and aims: Endoscopic resection is increasingly performed for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). However, the safety and outcomes remain elusive. We aimed in this retrospective study to compare operative complications and prognosis between endoscopically and surgically resected small (≤ 5 cm) GIST tumor groups.Methods: In this single-center retrospective study, we compared demographics, clinical outcomes, and the R0 resection rate between the endoscopy (n =268) and surgery (n =141) groups. Only GIST tumors in size of ≤ 5.0 cm were recruited for this comparison study.Results: Overall, the mean a...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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