Incidence and Mortality Trends and Risk Prediction Nomogram for Extranodal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: An Analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database

Background: DLBCL is the most commonly occurring type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which may be found at various extranodal sites. But little is known about the particular trends of extranodal DLBCL.Methods: A total of 15,882 extranodal DLBCL patients were included in incidence analysis from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973–2015). The joinpoint regression software was used to calculate the annual percent change (APC) in rates. Nomograms were established by R software to predict overall survival (OS).Results: The extranodal DLBCL incidence continued to rise at a rate of 1.6% (95% CI, 0.4–2.8, p
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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ConclusionA concurrent lymphoma can lead to emergency surgery and should be considered when sarcoidosis treatment does not improve symptoms, lymphadenopathy occurs, or hematologic changes persist under therapy.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Ruan J Abstract Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a distinct subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation leading to cyclin D1 overexpression and cell cycle dysregulation. Molecular profiling with gene expression and deep sequencing analyses has identified genomic and epigenomic alterations in pathways regulating the cell cycle, DNA damage response, proliferation, and survival, which contribute to disease progression with important prognostic and therapeutic implications. Clinically, the nonnodal MCL subset is notable for leukemic presentation, indolent behavior, ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Chow VA, Gopal AK Abstract The role of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for indolent lymphoma has evolved over the last 5 years with the availability of novel low-toxicity therapies and a better understanding of the prognosis of these entities. However, despite numerous treatment options for patients with follicular lymphoma, none are thought to be curative, and many require ongoing therapy with chronic toxicity. Historical trials indicate that autologous HCT as initial consolidation leads to improved progression-free survival, but not overall survival (OS) and, thus, is not typically recommended. ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
This study does not go into detail about the extent to which these comorbidities may influence the increased risk of cancer in psoriasis patients. People with severe psoriasis often do not get enough relief with topical therapies (ones applied to the skin), such as topical corticosteroids and vitamin D analogues. They may then be started on medications that target specific immune cells and proteins. Some of these medications increase the risk of infections. Previous studies have found little to no increased risk of cancer in patients receiving these therapies. Other treatments, such as phototherapy (light therapy), are kno...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cancer Skin and Hair Care Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review Although uncommon, systemic vasculitis is one of the most severe extraglandular manifestations of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) accounting for the increased morbidity and mortality of the disease. This review aims to describe major previous and recent reports regarding the clinical presentation, prognosis and treatment of systemic vasculitis associated with pSS. Recent findings Both older and recent pSS cohort studies performed over the past several and recent years, have clearly shown that cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis is the most frequent type of systemic vasculitis accompanying pSS. Antineu...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: VASCULITIS SYNDROMES: Edited by Hasan Yazici and Yusuf Yazici Source Type: research
ConclusionVenetoclax therapy in a real-world cohort offered modest benefits in heavily pretreated patients. Adverse events were observed at a greater incidence than in the clinical trials. A wide heterogeneity of venetoclax dose escalation, multiagent combinations, and timing of initiation were identified and require investigation in subsequent clinical trials.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Shutdowns earlier this year of two facilities that use ethylene oxide (EtO) to sterilize medical devices prompted FDA to monitor for supply shortages in the industry because EtO is such a popular sterilization method for medical devices. This week the agency revealed steps it will take to reduce medtech's reliance on EtO sterilization. EtO is a flammable, colorless gas used to sterilize equipment and plastic devices that cannot be sterilized by steam, such as medical equipment. In fact, about half of all sterilized medical devices undergo sterilization using this gas. Breathi...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Sterilization Regulatory and Compliance Source Type: news
Infectious diseases are still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the progress in drug development, the occurrence of microbial resistance is still a significant concern. Alternative therapeutic strategies are required for non-responding or relapsing patients. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has revolutionized cancer immunotherapy, providing a potential therapeutic option for patients who are unresponsive to standard treatments. Recently two CAR T cell therapies, Yescarta® (Kite Pharma/Gilead) and Kymriah® (Novartis) were approved by the FDA for the treatments of certain types ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is characterized by both clinical and molecular heterogeneity. Despite efforts to tailor therapy for individual patients, treatment remains uniform and a subset of patients have poor outcomes. The past decade has witnessed a dramatic expansion of our understanding of the genomic underpinnings of this disease, especially with the application of next-generation sequencing. In this review, the authors highlight the current genomic landscape of DLBCL and how this information provides a potential molecular framework for precision medicine-ba...
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionRT is an effective and curative local treatment for early-stage FL and MZL at conventional and reduced radiation doses. Conventional-doses seems to be associated with local response improvement, without significant differences in PFS rates. Age, histology, and  response to RT may influence the PFS.
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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