Exosomes derived from cancer stem cells of gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cells enhance drug resistance by delivering miR-210

ConclusionsOur findings suggest that exosomes derived from GEM-resistant pancreatic cancer stem cells mediate the horizontal transfer of drug-resistant traits to GEM-sensitive pancreatic cancer cells by delivering miR-210.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 28 November 2019Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Yu Zhou, Wenxi Zhou, Xinli Chen, Qingbing Wang, Chao Li, Qinjun Chen, Yu Zhang, Yifei Lu, Xiaoyi Ding, Chen JiangAbstractPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most intractable malignancy, with an only 6% 5-year relative survival rate. The dismal therapeutic effect is attributed to the chemotherapy resistance and unique pathophysiology with abundant inflammatory cytokines and abnormal hyperplasia of extracellular matrix (ECM). Based on the theory that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) can influence the...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSelPac met its primary endpoint, demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in PFS for SEL + PT without a significant increase in toxicity. No trend for a prolongation of OS was observed.Clinical trial identificationISRCTN 29621851.Legal entity responsible for the studyUniversity of Liverpool&Liverpool Cancer Trials Unit.FundingCancer Research UK and AstraZeneca.DisclosureP. Nathan: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Consultancy / advisory board: AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Consultancy / advisory board: BMS; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Consultancy / ...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Song Y, Ye M, Zhou J, Wang Z, Zhu X Abstract Digestive system cancers, mainly including gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer, are major public health problems and lead to serious cancer-related deaths worldwide. Clinically, treatment strategies of these cancers include surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Although successful resection and chemotherapeutic drugs have improved the treatment level, the survival rate of patients with advanced digestive system cancers remains still low primarily due to tumor metastasis. E-cadherin, the prototypical member of th...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Malignant tumors are highly heterogeneous and likely contain a subset of cancer cells termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs exist in a dynamic equilibrium with their microenvironments and the CSC phenotype is tightly regulated by both cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic factors including those derived from their surrounding cells or stroma. Many human solid tumors like breast, lung, colorectal and pancreatic cancers are characterized by a pronounced stromal reaction termed “the desmoplastic response”. Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) derived either from resident fibroblasts or tumor-infiltrating mesenchyma...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we show here that sEVs are responsible for mediating paracrine senescence and speculate that they could be involved in inducing bystander senescence during therapy-induced senescence or aging. In fact, when compared to soluble factors, sEVs have different biophysical and biochemical properties as they have a longer lifespan than do soluble factors and they are more resistant to protease degradation. The idea that blocking sEV secretion could be a potential therapeutic approach to alleviate senescence "spreading" during chemotherapy-induced senescence or in aging tissues presents itself as a very at...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, analysis of antioxidant defense was performed on the blood samples from 184 "aged" individuals aged 65-90+ years, and compared to the blood samples of 37 individuals just about at the beginning of aging, aged 55-59 years. Statistically significant decreases of Zn,Cu-superoxide dismutase (SOD-1), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were observed in elderly people in comparison with the control group. Moreover, an inverse correlation between the activities of SOD-1, CAT, and GSH-Px and the age of the examined persons was found. No age-related changes in glutathione reductas...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to explore novel biomarkers for GBM prognosis prediction. The gene expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets of GBM were downloaded. A total of 2241 overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from TCGA and GSE7696 datasets. By univariate COX regression survival analysis, 292 survival-related genes were found among these DEGs (p
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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