Cerebellar arachnoid cyst masquerading initially as schizophrenia and later as obsessive compulsive disorder.

Cerebellar arachnoid cyst masquerading initially as schizophrenia and later as obsessive compulsive disorder. Asian J Psychiatr. 2019 Oct 14;47:101838 Authors: Varshney P, Ganjekar S PMID: 31706227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

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ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This article is intended to provide an overview of the literature regarding mental disorders associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and to present own research on depression and sexual dysfunction in this group. PMID: 31760419 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Authors: Beszłej JA, Wieczorek T, Kobyłko A, Piotrowski P, Siwicki D, Weiser A, Fila-Witecka K, Rymaszewska J, Tabakow P Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a treatment method that is currently getting more and more attention from psychiatrists. It has proven to be efficacious and safe in the treatment of neurological disorders, mainly Parkinson's disease (PD), dystonia and essential tremor. DBS has very often contributed to successful treatment in cases that had proved resistant to all other methods of treatment. Nowadays treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the main psychiatric indica...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results provide evidence that impaired response inhibition in SCH and OCD arises from common underlying neural processing abnormalities. However, the lower P3 amplitude and weaker theta-band activity in SCH patients in unsuccessful Stop trials suggest distinct neural activity patterns related to error processing. These differences in ERPs and ERO may provide clues to unique neurological abnormalities in SCH and provide objective measures for differential diagnosis.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest a significant role of the improvisational music therapy in gaining a re-socializing effect within a therapeutic group. The effectiveness turns out to be greater if the improvisation is combined with a listening therapy, aimed at educating the patient to a greater openness to the expressive aspect of sound. The active-passive music therapy association could then bring a valuable contribution as an add-on rehabilitative treatment. PMID: 31657804 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research
Each year, the first full week in October has been designated as MENTAL ILLNESS AWARENESS WEEK to raise awareness, educate the public, fight stigma and help support children and adults living with a mental health condition. This year, the dates are October 6th through the 9th.Here are some Statistics19.1% of U.S. adults experienced mental illness in 2018 (47.6 million people). This represents 1 in 5 adults.4.6% of U.S. adults experienced serious mental illness in 2018 (11.4 million people). This represents 1 in 25 adults.16.5% of U.S. youth aged 6-17 experienced a mental health disorder in 2016 (7.7 mil...
Source: Dr. Deborah Serani - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: awareness campaigns mental health Source Type: blogs
Although robust medical literature supports the existence of some well-established comorbid entities such as depression and anxiety, ADHD, and ODD, as well as OCD and tic disorders, other associations are less robust. This literature review aims to shine light upon 2 currently distinct diagnoses (ie, OCD and schizophrenia) and to explore the possibility of a comorbid association between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and psychotic symptoms, with a special focus on the clinical implications of this combined presentation, especially for adolescents.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression, bipolar, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, are associated with significant illness burden. Accumulating evidence supports an association between neuropsychiatric illnesses and inflammatory processes. Consequently, potent anti-inflammatory agents, such as the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, represent a novel avenue to prevention and treatment of neuropsychiatric illness. In this paper, we first review the role of inflammation in psychiatric pathophysiology including inflammatory cytokines’ influenc...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between cognitive functions and obsessive-compulsive dimension in schizophrenia and a possible moderating effect of schizophrenia symptom dimensions on this association. Sixty-one schizophrenia patients were administered the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), and the Matrics Consensus Cognitive Battery. A U-shaped curve described a gradual transition from an inverse association to a positive relationship between YBOCS and processing speed scores, along a severity gradient of obsessive dimension. This effect ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Meng-Chuan Lai, Caroline Kassee, Richard Besney, Sarah Bonato, Laura Hull, William Mandy, Peter Szatmari, Stephanie H AmeisSummaryBackgroundCo-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions are common in autism, impairing quality of life. Reported prevalences of co-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions in people with autism range widely. Improved prevalence estimates and identification of moderators are needed to enhance recognition and care, and to guide future research.MethodsIn this systematic review and meta-analysis...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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