Replacement of the Native Mitral Valve Due to Endocarditis Caused by Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia
We report a case of a 59-year-old female patient with vegetative native mitral valve endocarditis caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SM). She had hemodialysis-dependent chronic renal failure, but no immunosuppressive disease. Echocardiography showed mobile vegetation on her native mitral valve. Right femoral artery embolectomy and mitral valve replacement were performed simultaneously. She awakened from anesthesia, but she passed away due to septic shock complications. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case in whom native mitral valve endocarditis caused by SM was observed (despite of absence of any immunosuppressive event) and needed to undergo valve replacement.
Publication date: October 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issues 2–4Author(s): G. Minko, Z. Atime Amine, R. Ouazzane, I. Azannai
Publication date: October 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issues 2–4Author(s): A. Bangy-Letheule, F. Souab, S. Bourgoin, S. Michelland, V. Cunin, M. Seve, V. Aillerie, J. Dhot, J. Montnach, A. Persello, B. Rozec, B. Lauzier, M. De Waard
ConclusionsA predictive model of in-hospital mortality in left-sided IE based on the prognostic variables proposed by the European Society of Cardiology IE guidelines has high discriminatory ability.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosLa endocarditis infecciosa (EI) es una enfermedad compleja con elevada mortalidad. La evaluación pronóstica es esencial en el tratamiento de la enfermedad; sin embargo, las guías internacionales no aportan una evaluación objetiva del riesgo individual. Se desarrolló un modelo predictivo de mortalidad hospitalaria en EI izquierda combinando las variables pr...
ConclusionWe demonstrated that high SII levels are independently associated with in-hospital mortality. The SII may be a promising prognostic predictor for patients with infective endocarditis.
Staphylococcus aureus prosthetic valve endocarditis (SAPVE) has a poor prognosis. There are no large series that accurately describe this entity. This is a retrospective observational study on a prospective cohort from 3 Spanish reference hospitals for cardiac surgery, including 78 definitive episodes of left SAPVE between 1996 and 2016. Fifty percent had a Charlson Index score>5; 53% were health care-related. Twenty percent did not present fever. Complications at diagnosis included: severe heart failure (HF, 29%), septic shock (SS, 17.9%), central nervous system abnormalities (19%), septic metastasis (4%). Hemorrhagi...
CONCLUSIONS: In multivariate analysis, chronic renal failure (relative risk [RR]= 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-2.55), septic shock (RR= 2.1 9; 95% CI 1.499-3.22), and age over 60 years (RR= 2.28; 95% CI 1.44-3.59) were indirectly associated with in-hospital mortality. The best prognosis was related to the performance of cardiovascular surgery (hazard ratio [HR]= 0.51; 95% CI 0.26-0.99).
AbstractA comparative study of the behaviour of left-sided infective endocarditis (left-sided IE) due toStreptococcus agalactiae (GBS) with left-sided IE caused byStaphylococcus aureus (SA). A prospective, multicentre cohort study in eight public hospitals in Spain, from January 1984 to December 2015; comparative analysis and factors associated with mortality. In total, there were 1754 episodes of left-sided IE; 41 (2.3%) caused by GBS vs. 344 (19.6%) due to SA, definitive IE 39 vs. 324 cases, males, 25 vs. 213, respectively. There were no differences in age or comorbidity, and healthcare-associated acquirement was 10% vs....
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality remains stable, despite diagnostic and therapeutic improvements, because patients are older, have greater comorbidity, a closer relationship with the health care system (nosocomial) and microorganisms are more aggressive. PMID: 29807860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: A thorough clinical assessment with prognostic purposes in infective endocarditis after surgery is mandatory. In-hospital mortality of patients with infective endocarditis who undergo surgery depends mainly on the clinical evolution after surgery. PMID: 29857978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: RSIE have low in-hospital and one-year mortality. Coagulase-negative Staphylococci is responsible of almost half of the episodes and methicillin-resistant incidence is high. Device removal is mandatory since it decreases in-hospital mortality. PMID: 28648588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]