Performance comparison between MRI and CT for local staging of sigmoid and descending colon cancer

ConclusionsMRI may offer more superior diagnostic performance than CT for detecting T3-4 disease and EMVI, thereby supporting its alternative application to CT in local staging of colon cancer.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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In this study, four different weight% of Punica granatum fruit peel extract were used as green stabilizers to synthesize IONPs followed by a series of characterization experiments and in vitro anticancer evaluation. Results revealed that all synthesized IONPs have high degree of crystallinity and purity. The optimum saturation magnetization, and hydrodynamic size were found to be ∼69 emu.g−1, and 26.52 nm, respectively. Morphological studies demonstrated that adding peel extract decreased size of NPs with the average particle size below 11 nm. Cytotoxicity assay showed that the IONPs were not react...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the molecular and functional analysis of circulating tumor cells and circulating nucleic acids can be used as companion diagnostics to improve the stratification of therapies and to obtain insights into therapy-induced selection of cancer cells.. PMID: 31833325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
This study documents the antioxidative, anticancer and enzyme-inhibiting properties of potential probiotic Bacillus strains isolated from fermented brine mango pickle. Antioxidant activity was determined through in-vitro assays namely, DPPH•, ABTS•+, hydroxyl radical scavenging ability, reducing activity, superoxide anion scavenging ability, linoleic acid and plasma lipid peroxidation ability. Both intact cells (IC) and intracellular cell-free extracts (CFE) from most of the strains exhibited prominent antioxidant activity. Likewise, CFE and intracellular cell-free supernatants (CFS) exhibited potential inhibitor...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Abstract Comparison and detection of stable cancer genes across cancer types is of interest. The gene expression data of 6 different cancer types (colon, breast, lung, ovarian, brain and renal) and a control group from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were used in this study. The comparison of gene expression data together with the calculation standard deviations of such data was completed using a statistical model for the detection of stable genes. Genes having similar expression (referred as flexible genes) pattern to the control group in four out of six cancer types are PATE, NEUROD4 and TRAFD1. Moreover...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Authors: Lappalainen J, Holmström D, Lepistö A, Saarnio J, Mecklin JP, Seppälä T Abstract Background: Lifetime incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) especially in carriers of MLH1 and MSH2 pathogenic germline variants in mismatch repair genes is high despite ongoing colonoscopy surveillance. Lynch syndrome (LS) registries have been criticized for not reporting colonoscopy quality adequately.Methods: Prospective follow-up data from the national registry were combined with a retrospective assessment of the colonoscopy reports from Helsinki University Hospital electronic patients records in 2004-201...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: We confirmed the distinct STING expression in CRC and demonstrated its independent prognostic value in survival outcomes. STING could be a potential therapeutic target that enhances anti-cancer immune response in CRC.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
RBP7 is a member of the cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) family and previous data suggested a link between CRBPs and the malignant transformation of colon cancer cells. Here, we investigated the potential of RBP7 as a predictive biomarker for patients with colon cancer and determined its functional relevance for tumor progression. We analyzed RBP7 protein and mRNA expression in independent tissue collections of colon cancers with recorded follow-up data, including data from TCGA. We used gene set enrichment analyses to characterize its functional role. Effects of RBP7 on migration and invasion were determined in tra...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Using RNA-seq, RT-qPCR, and bioinformatics we have studied the influence of a wide spectrum of chemotherapeutic drugs on transcription of AKR1B10, AKR1C1, ALDH1A1, and ALDH1A3 genes, which encode the major aldehyde-metabolizing enzymes. The strongest alterations were detected in case of AKR1B10 mRNA that was significantly upregulated in wild type p53 cancer cells, but downregulated in mutant p53 cancer cells. Subsequent experiments demonstrated the significant and consistent decrease in the AKR1B10 mRNA content in sera of colon cancer patients, as compared to sera of healthy donors (p
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Integrin β4 (ITGB4) has been reported to be involved in carcinomas. Currently, ITGB4 has been characterized in colon cancer, however, its clinical significance is not very clear. In the present study, we utilized the large public datasets from NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases and collected clinical samples in our center to investigate the transcriptional expressions of ITGB4 in colon cancer, and then explored the associations of ITGB4 with clinicopathological features and overall survival. The statistical analyses suggested that ITGB4 mRNA expressions were up-regulated si...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: JSD reverses EMT and inhibits invasion and metastasis of colon cancer through the AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathway.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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