Imaging guidelines for acute pancreatitis: when and when not to image

AbstractIn patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), diagnostic imaging is performed for various reasons, including the detection of the etiology (e.g., biliary obstruction caused by gallstones), diagnosis of pancreatitis in an unclear clinical setting, assessment of the severity of the process, and evaluation of its complications. In spite of the potential benefits of these imaging studies in the setting of AP, especially economic consequences but also medical risks are associated with diagnostic imaging, including increase of the effective radiation dose received by patients with AP and rising health care costs, frequently without impact on management. The rising incidence of acute pancreatitis in the Western world is escalating its financial burden with national health care expenses of over 2.5 billion dollars annually. Despite evidence-based national recommendations on utilization of diagnostic imaging in patients with AP, unnecessary imaging studies are still frequently performed, especially in the early hospital course. The purpose of this article is, therefore, to review the imaging guidelines for acute pancreatitis with regards to when and when not to image, with the aim to minimize inappropriate utilization.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Conclusion The diagnostic yield of EUS is higher than S-MRCP in patients with IAP. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, GermanyArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text
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