Prevalence of Viremic hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV infection, and vaccination status among prisoners in Stockholm County

Identification and knowledge of settings with high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is important when aiming for elimination of HCV. The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence ...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Prevalence of transfusion-transmissible viral infections was higher among hemodialysis patients, especially HCV infection which was an alarming situation and therefore strict adherence to infection control strategies, barrier precautions, and preventive measures, including routine hepatitis B vaccination and regular virological follow-up were recommended along with regular education and training programs of technical and nursing personnel's involved with dialysis patients.
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract A failure of neurodevelopmental differentiation at the level of oligodendroglial-astrocytic biprogenitors (O2A) is shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of both multiple sclerosis (MS) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In this review article, we suggest that certain antigens of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and HBV-Vaccine (HBV-V) could act as immune stimulants in GBM treatment based on several lines of evidence. HBV-Vs may cause rare but prominent neuroimmune side effects including demyelination and multiple sclerosis, which may be associated with HBV-proteins creating antigenic mimicry of oligodendroglial...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
This study aims to analyze the prevalence and to concentrate on the key risk factors that are responsible for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in patients on HD visiting two dialysis centers in the city of Quetta in southwestern Pakistan. The overall incidence of HBV was found to be 16.1%, the overall incidence of HCV was found to be 43.2%, and two patients (1.6%) were found to be positive for both HBV and HCV. HIV was not found among patients seen at both hospitals during the study period. The main risk factors for development of a viral infection were the ...
Source: Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Discov Ther Source Type: research
We present a narrative review of HCC in Africa, discussing present and future trends. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe overall prevalence of HBV/HIV coinfection remained high among HIV-infected patients in Taiwan. Despite recommendations of the HIV treatment guidelines for the management of HBV infection, a substantial proportion of HIV/HBV-coinfected patients received cART containing only LAM for HBV infection.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The overall prevalence of HBV/HIV coinfection remained high among HIV-infected patients in Taiwan. Despite recommendations of the HIV treatment guidelines for the management of HBV infection, a substantial proportion of HIV/HBV-coinfected patients received cART containing only LAM for HBV infection. PMID: 31708481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research
Authors: Ndom P Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common cancer in Africa. The risk factors are well known and avoidable in most cases (hepatitis B, hepatitis C, aflatoxin and alcohol). Vaccination against hepatitis B and the fight against aflatoxin are efficient contributions to the fight against liver cancer. The costly nature of these measures in Africa is an impediment to the fight against liver cancer in Africa. PMID: 31552123 [PubMed]
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that most persons who inject drugs in Wisconsin are susceptible to HAV infection and that most persons aged ≥35 who inject drugs are susceptible to HBV infection. In addition to routine vaccination of children, targeted hepatitis vaccination programs should focus on adults who inject drugs to help prevent future infections. PMID: 31539482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
THE GORDON WILSON LECTURE: THE HEPATITIS C VIRUS: FROM HIPPOCRATES TO CURE. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2019;130:104-118 Authors: Alter HJ Abstract The modern age of viral hepatitis began in the early 1960s with the serendipitous discovery of the Australia antigen, a protein that was later shown to represent the envelope of the hepatitis B virus leading to its designation as the hepatitis B surface antigen. This was the first marker for any hepatitis virus and became not only a diagnostic assay, but also a mandatory blood donor screening test and the basis for the first generation hepatitis B vaccine...
Source: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc Source Type: research
From the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Vincent speaks with Niklas Björkström, Ali Mirazimi, and Matti Sällberg about their work on the impact of chronic hepatitis C virus infection on NK cells, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus vaccines, and immunotherapy to block entry of hepatitis B and D viruses. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 565 (52 MB .mp3, […]
Source: virology blog - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: This Week in Virology Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus dna vaccine hepatitis b virus hepatitis C virus hepatitis D virus immunotherapy Karolinska Institute NK cell T cell exhaustion treatment interruption viral viruses Source Type: blogs
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