A systematic review and meta-analysis examining the interrelationships between chemical and non-chemical stressors and inherent characteristics in children with ADHD.

A systematic review and meta-analysis examining the interrelationships between chemical and non-chemical stressors and inherent characteristics in children with ADHD. Environ Res. 2019 Nov 01;:108884 Authors: Nilsen FM, Tulve NS Abstract Children may be more vulnerable to the combined interactions of chemical and non-chemical stressors from their built, natural, and social environments when compared to adults. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed childhood neurodevelopmental disorder and is considered a major public health issue, as 75% of childhood cases persist into adulthood. ADHD is characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, with the neurotransmitter serotonin regulating these symptoms. Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) aids in serotonin uptake and is often implicated in behavioral and emotional disorders, including ADHD. When children are exposed to cigarette smoke, bisphenol A (BPA), or organophosphate pesticides, MAOA activity is inhibited. Non-chemical stressors, such as traumatic childhood experiences, and lifestyle factors, complicate the relationship between genotype and exposures to chemical stressors. But the co-occurrence among outcomes between exposures to chemical stressors, non-chemical stressors, and the low activity MAOA genotype suggest that mental illness in children may be influenced by multiple interacting factors. In this systematic revie...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

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People living with autism are sensitive to the social world and the environment in general. They could experience great difficulties in social situations, have anxieties, fears, phobias, or sensory sensitivities. On the other hand, they could be on good terms with technologies: social stories apps can navigate them in difficult situations, virtual and augmented reality can offer a safe space for them to exercise, and artificial intelligence helps in early detection. We scoured the ground carefully and hereby present you the intersections of autism and digital health. Raymond Babbitt’s heritage and the chronicles ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine AI app AR artificial intelligence autism digital digital health digital technology games genetics health app health apps Innovation virtual reality VR Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: This study found that HIV-infected pubertal children showed a delayed cortical maturation with atrophy. This abnormal pattern of cortical development may be the structural basis for cognitive impairment in HIV-infected children. Introduction Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related encephalopathy is one of the most serious complications of AIDS and is more common in children than in adults (1). At present, there are nearly 2 million children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the world, almost all newly infected children are infected through mother-to-child transmission (2). Effec...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The themes generated from the focus groups suggest that a patient decision aid for parents with children with ADHD and disruptive and aggressive behaviour should follow the general recommendations for best practices for the creation of patient decision aids. Specific information on the regional availability of non-medical treatments will be especially helpful for parents to navigate services and service providers. Consideration should be given as to how the concept of values clarification is introduced to families. PMID: 31001349 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: In contexts similar to those in Uganda, treatment approaches for ADHD among HIV positive CA-HIV should consider the explanations provided by CA-HIV, caregivers to CA-HIV and HIV health workers.Keywords: ADHD, explanations, children / adolescents with HIV/AIDS (CA-HIV), compliance, Uganda.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
In the first comprehensive imaging study of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in preschoolers, researchers have found evidence that structural changes in the brain are already recognizable at the age of 4. “One of our big questions was thinking about an early-onset disorder and linking it to early-onset brain anomalies,” said Lisa Jacobson, one of the researchers involved […]Related:A woman says her chiropractor molested her during a ‘prenatal massage.’ Now she’s suing.House budget says CDC can study gun violenceLongtime AIDS researcher Robert Redfield picked to lead CDC
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CASE: Sonia is a 4 years 1 month-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 years 7 months years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that sh...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescen...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
When you have ADHD, you might feel bad — frustrated, angry, ashamed — that you can’t accomplish certain tasks like everyone else. Why is it so hard to make a meal? Why do I forget my wallet every time? You might feel bad that you can’t use the same methods. Why do I need a creative approach just to do laundry? It’s so simple! “The ADHD mind is wired differently than someone without ADHD, and it’s not fair to assume they should do things the same way,” said Nikki Kinzer, a certified ADHD coach dedicated to helping people with ADHD build positive life habits, reduce stress, and...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ADHD and ADD Creativity Disorders General Habits Industrial and Workplace Self-Help Success & Achievement Adult Adhd Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attentiveness Career Goals Memory Procrastination Productivity Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, I’m not a typical special needs parent. I’m not worried day and night about my child’s distant future. There’s just enough in one day to worry about.
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ADHD and ADD Anxiety and Panic Aspergers Autism Caregivers Children and Teens Personal Students Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Asperger Syndrome Education National Purposeful Parenting Month Special Needs Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Although the history of present illness is a short text segment averaging 300 words, it is a good predictor for a few conditions such as anxiety, depression, panic disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Proposed CNN and RNN models outperform baseline approaches and complement each other when evaluating on a per-label basis. Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
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