Detailed phenotyping of posterior vs. anterior circulation ischemic stroke: a multi-center MRI study

AbstractObjectivePosterior circulation ischemic stroke (PCiS) constitutes 20 –30% of ischemic stroke cases. Detailed information about differences between PCiS and anterior circulation ischemic stroke (ACiS) remains scarce. Such information might guide clinical decision making and prevention strategies. We studied risk factors and ischemic stroke subtypes in PCiS vs. ACiS and lesion location on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in PCiS.MethodsOut of 3,301 MRIs from 12 sites in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN), we included 2,381 cases with acute DWI lesions. The definition of ACiS or PCiS was based on lesion location. We compared the groups using Chi-squared and logistic regression.ResultsPCiS occurred in 718 (30%) patients and ACiS in 1663 (70%). Diabetes and male sex were more common in PCiS vs. ACiS (diabetes 27% vs. 23%,p  
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Authors: Schulte C, Zeller T Abstract Cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment is based on the utilization of risk scores, enabling clinicians to estimate an individual's risk to develop CV pathologies and events. Such risk scores comprise classic CV risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and blood cholesterol levels. Recently, other CV biomarkers such as cardiac troponins have been suggested and evaluated as alternative biomarkers not only in the acute diagnostic setting of myocardial infarction, but also as markers for risk stratification in the general population. In this review, we summarize the curre...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CMV infection was not associated with impaired long-term prognosis after HT. PMID: 31806387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Peng Zhang, Libang He, Jie Zhang, Xifan Mei, Yiyao Zhang, He Tian, Zhenhua ChenAbstractIn the present work, novel berberine nano-colloids hydrogel (BNH) was prepared for improving wound healing of diabetic rats. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), sodium alginate (Alg) were adopted as building blocks to form BNH. Calcium ions was used as crosslink agent to construct BNH. The skin injury model of diabetic rats was successfully established, and the prepared hydrogel was applied to the wound. Animal experiments proved that BNH cou...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the benefits of early-onset, lifelong AET on predictors of health, inflammation, and cancer incidence in a naturally aging mouse model. Lifelong, voluntary wheel-running (O-AET; 26-month-old) prevented age-related declines in aerobic fitness and motor coordination vs. age-matched, sedentary controls (O-SED). AET also provided partial protection against sarcopenia, dynapenia, testicular atrophy, and overall organ pathology, hence augmenting the 'physiologic reserve' of lifelong runners. Systemic inflammation, as evidenced by a chronic elevation in 17 of 18 pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokin...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractSeveral studies, but not all, have shown that women benefit more from intravenous thrombolysis than men; few have accounted for pre-stroke mobility. Our aim was to determine whether there was an interaction between gender and thrombolysis treatment in 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, after adjusting for pre-stroke mobility. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 1390 consecutive ischemic stroke patients admitted between October 2012 and July 2015. The 3-month mRS was obtained from clinic visits. Thrombolysis-by-gender interaction was evaluated in univariate and multivariate analyses using ordinal ...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: To address the many challenges posed by EDCs, we argue that Africans should take the lead in prioritization and evaluation of environmental hazards, including EDCs. We recommend the institution of education and training programs for chemical users, adoption of the precautionary principle, establishment of biomonitoring programs, and funding of community-based epidemiology and wildlife research programs led and funded by African institutes and private companies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1774 Received: 16 February 2017 Revised: 22 May 2017 Accepted: 24 May 2017 Published: 22 August 2017 Address correspond...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Publication date: 8–14 October 2016 Source:The Lancet, Volume 388, Issue 10053 Author(s): GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death CollaboratorsHaidongWangMohsenNaghaviChristineAllenRyan MBarberZulfiqar ABhuttaAustinCarterDaniel CCaseyFiona JCharlsonAlan ZianChenMatthew MCoatesMeganCoggeshallLalitDandonaDaniel JDickerHolly EErskineAlize JFerrariChristinaFitzmauriceKyleForemanMohammad HForouzanfarMaya SFraserNancyFullmanPeter WGethingEllen MGoldbergNicholasGraetzJuanita AHaagsmaSimon IHayChantalHuynhCatherine OJohnsonNicholas JKassebaumYohannesKinfuXie RachelKulikoffMichaelKutzHmwe HKyuHeidi JLarsonJanniLeungXiaofengLi...
Source: The Lancet - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: NCDs contribute to premature mortality in SA, threatening socioeconomic development. While NCD mortality rates have decreased slightly, it is necessary to strengthen prevention and healthcare provision and monitor emerging trends in cause-specific mortality to inform these strategies if the target of 2% annual decline is to be achieved. PMID: 27138667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions Media visibility acts as a strategy for legitimising priorities and contextualizing various realities. Therefore, we propose that the health problems identified should enter the public agenda and begin to be recognized as legitimate demands.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
We present a systematic review protocol to synthesize studies of healthcare delivery for an important subset of NCDs, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (CMDs), among African PLHIV. Methods/design We plan to search electronic databases and reference lists of relevant studies published in African settings from January 2003 to the present. Studies will be considered if they address one or both of our major objectives and focus on health care for one or more of six interrelated CMDs (ischemic heart disease, stroke, heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia) in PLH...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research
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