Application of CRISPR/Cas9 editing and digital droplet PCR in human iPSCs to generate novel knock-in reporter lines to visualize dopaminergic neurons

We present a reproducible knock-in strategy combined with a highly specific homologous directed repair (HDR) screening approach using digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). The knock-in cell lines that we created show a functioning fluorescent reporter system for DA neurons that are identifiable by flow cytometry.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: Materials Letters, Volume 261Author(s): Pengfei Ren, Faming Wang, Tiantian Zhan, Wanjun Hu, Naizhen Zhou, Tianzhu Zhang, Jinhai YeAbstractNano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic anhydride) (NHA/CS/P(MVE-alt-MA)) composite was formed through electrostatic interaction. The results of characterization indicated that the nano-hydroxyapatite (NHA) in the composites was uniformly distributed in the polymer matrices (chitosan/poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic anhydride) (CS/P(MVE-alt-MA)). With the increase of NHA content, the porosity and strength of the composit...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Contributors : Preethi Vijayaraj ; Aspram Minasyan ; Katherine Chung ; Weihong Yan ; David W Shia ; Thomas G Graeber ; Brigitte GompertsSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensProgressive organ fibrosis accounts for one third of all deaths worldwide, yet preclinical models that mimic the complex, progressive nature of the disease are lacking and hence there are no curative therapies. Progressive fibrosis across organs shares common cellular and molecular pathways involving chronic injury, inflammation, and aberrant repair resulting in deposition of extracellular matrix, organ ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
In conclusion, the thermosensitive hydrogel of CS/1.0 DEX/β-GP loaded UCMSCs was a promising candidate as cell delivery vehicle for cardiac repair to reconstitute damaged myocardium.
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
As this article notes, researchers have recently suggested that the benefits to heart function observed over many years of stem cell therapies are not in fact due to any action of the cells themselves, not even cell signaling mechanisms such as release of exosomes, but are rather due to an immune response to the transplanted cells. The study reported here illustrates the point by showing some degree of regeneration of injured heart tissue to take place in mice when the debris of dead cells is transplanted. We might compare these findings with the body of work showing that delivery of exosomes can spur cardiac regeneration;...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Authors: Zhang H, Wang Y, Yang G, Yu H, Zhou Z, Tang M Abstract Cartilage injury is difficult to repair since the cartilage tissue lacks self-restoration ability. Improved formation of chondrocytes differentiated from the mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) by genetic regulation is a potentially promising therapeutic option. SOX9 is a critical transcription factor for mesenchymal condensation prior to chondrogenesis. Previous studies demonstrated that several microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play a critical role in the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. However, the interactional relations between miR-30a and SOX9 during cho...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Leimkühler NB, Schneider RK Abstract Self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells and their progeny, lineage-specific downstream progenitors, maintain steady-state hematopoiesis in the bone marrow (BM). Accumulating evidence over the last few years indicates that not only primitive hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), but also cells defining the microenvironment of the BM (BM niche), sense hematopoietic stress signals. They respond by directing and orchestrating hematopoiesis via not only cell-intrinsic but also cell-extrinsic mechanisms. Inflammation has many beneficial roles by activating the ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
This article reviews the potential role of exosomes in OA regenerative medicine. Special attention is given to mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes due to the extensive research on their cartilage repair property and their function as miRNA cargo. More investigations are needed for the effects of exosomes from synovial fluid and chondrocytes in joints. A better understanding of the mechanisms will contribute to a novel and promising therapy for OA patients.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Nuclear DNA damage is considered a contributing cause of aging, though at this stage the research community is still proposing and debating processes by which this damage might cause metabolic dysfunction throughout the body. Mutations to nuclear DNA evidently increase cancer risk, but setting this aside, how does random damage to random cells contribute to the declines of age? There are a few possibilities; firstly that the vast majority of nuclear DNA damage, occurring as it does in somatic cells, or in unusued portions of the genome, is irrelevant. Harms are done when mutations affecting function occur in stem ce...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Authors: Diomede F, Marconi GD, Serroni M, Pizzicannella G, Trubiani O, Pizzicannella J Abstract Ascorbic acid (AS), also known as vitamin C or ascorbate, is an essential dietary nutrient which plays a vital role in biological processes through various different mechanisms, in particular for the biosynthesis of collagen. The aim of the study was to establish the possibility of enhancing the osteogenic differentiation potential by manipulating the cellular micro-environment, through AS supplementation in human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs) at different concentrations, such as 60 and 90 μg/mL, for three...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
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