Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Attenuates Diabetes-Induced Renal Fibrosis by Negatively Regulating TGF- β-p53-Smad2/3-Mediated Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition via Activation of AKT.

CONCLUSION: FGF21 prevents renal fibrosis via negative regulation of the TGF-β/Smad2/3-mediated EMT process by activation of the Akt/MDM2/p53 signaling pathway. PMID: 31701691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research

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Conclusions: This study showed that Myr prevented DN-associated enhanced expression of Nrf2 and inhibition of the IκB/NF-κB (P65) signaling pathway. Moreover, inhibition of IκB/NF-κB (P65) signaling pathway is independent of the regulation of Nrf2. Thus, Myr possessed dual effects that prevented the development and progression of DN, and could be a potential treatment.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the positive role of RES in diabetic wound healing via its SIRT1-dependent endothelial protection and pro-angiogenic effects involves the inhibition of FOXO1 and the de-repression of c-Myc expression. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease with an increasing incidence worldwide (Zimmet et al., 2014). The disease often leads to the development of serious complications such as microangiopathy, mainly including retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and diabetic non-healing skin ulcers (Zheng et al., 2018). Diabetic non-healing skin ulcers such as foot ulcers are ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether cyanidin-3-O-β-glucoside (C3G), or peptides with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity, alone or in combination, alter glucose regulation in human primary myotubes derived from obese and obese T2DM participants. In the obese group, both low and high concentration of peptides and the combination of these peptides with high C3G concentration significantly enhanced glucose uptake in the presence or absence of insulin, and high concentration of peptide alone and its combination with low C3G down-regulated the mRNA expression of angiotensin II receptor, type 1 (AGTR...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusions: Celiac disease was the least prevalent autoimmune disease in patients with DS patients, while type 1 DM and hypothyroidism were both significantly associated with DS. PMID: 30210717 [PubMed]
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Akt2 plays a critical role in ATP7A protein stabilization and translocation to plasma membrane in VSMCs, which contributes to full activation of vascular SOD3 that protects against endothelial dysfunction in T2DM. PMID: 29301787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data point to the glucagon-induced decrease in bioactive IGF-1 levels as a mechanism through which glucagon induces GH secretion. This insulin-independent reduction is related to increased IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 levels, which are most likely mediated via activation of the FOXO/mTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) pathway. PMID: 28911141 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2017 Source:Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology Author(s): Fan Yang, Bing Li, Xiaoming Dong, Ping Luo Diabetes mellitus is a chronic multi-factorial metabolic disorder resulting from impaired glucose homeostasis. Zinc is a key co-factor for the correct functioning of anti-oxidant enzymes. Zinc deficiency therefore, impairs their synthesis, leading to increased oxidative stress within cells. Zinc deficiency occurs commonly in diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of varying concentrations of zinc on diabetic nephropathy (DN) and the ...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
by Xiao-min Ren, Guang-feng Zuo, Wen Wu, Jie Luo, Peng Ye, Shao-liang Chen, Zuo-ying Hu Recent studies reported that atorvastatin (ATOR) alleviated progression of experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), possibly by protecting against apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanisms of this protective effect remain unclear. Therefore, our study investigated the role of the glycogen s ynthase kinase (GSK)-3β-protein phosphatase 2A(PP2A)-NF-κB signaling pathway in the anti-apoptotic and cardioprotective effects of ATOR on cardiomyocytes cultured in high glucose (HG) and in DCM. Our results showed that, in HG-cult...
Source: PLoS One - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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