Electronic textiles based wearable electrotherapy for pain relief
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators A: PhysicalAuthor(s): Meijing Liu, Tyler Ward, Dan Young, Helga Matos, Yang Wei, Jo Adams, Kai YangAbstractElectrotherapy is a common therapeutic treatment used to provide pain relief. The device delivers a mild level of current via electrodes positioned on the skin to interfere with the pain signal and stimulate the release of the body’s own natural painkiller to reduce the pain. This paper presents the materials and fabrication methods used to manufacture a textile based wearable electronic textile (e-textile) with electrodes embedded for joint pain relief. The electrode is made by three functional layers including textile layer, conductive layer, and electrode layer. An electronic control has been developed to deliver interferential therapy. The e-sleeve has been designed and developed alongside patient and public input and tested on six volunteers with self-reported knee joint pain. Four out of six volunteers reported noticeable pain reduction on using the e-textile. The wearable e-textile demonstrated no adverse effects and pilot evidence suggests this has the potential to be a comfortable and easy to use solution for pain relief for people living with osteoarthritis knee joint pain.Graphical abstractElectrotherapy device
This article reviews the potential role of exosomes in OA regenerative medicine. Special attention is given to mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes due to the extensive research on their cartilage repair property and their function as miRNA cargo. More investigations are needed for the effects of exosomes from synovial fluid and chondrocytes in joints. A better understanding of the mechanisms will contribute to a novel and promising therapy for OA patients.
Condition: Management of Knee Osteoarthritis Pain Interventions: Drug: Intra articular injection Group; Device: Radiofrequency Group Sponsors: Cairo University; Tanta University Completed
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that after TKA, the trunk movements of knee osteoarthritis patients were approximately equal to those of controls, with improvement in clinical outcomes such as knee extension limitation and pain. PMID: 31796661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Paracetamol is recommended as first-line treatment for pain control in osteoarthritis because it has fewer side effects than do other therapeutic options, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs...
Conclusions: The modified LRTI procedure provided significant subjective and objective improvements without severe complications particularly related to the harvesting of the PL tendon. This procedure is a valuable surgical option for trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis and could be a useful salvage modality if the FCR tendon ruptures during the conventional LRTI procedure. PMID: 31788169 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Üstün I, Solmaz A, Gülçiçek OB, Kara S, Albayrak R Abstract OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for severe obesity and associated comorbidities. We compared symptoms, joint space and life quality of morbidly obese patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis before and after bariatric surgery. METHODS: 34 patients with knee osteoarthritis were evaluated with standing anteroposterior and lateral radiography, medial and lateral joint distances of the knees, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) que...
Articular cartilage lesions generated by trauma or osteoarthritis are the most common causes of pain and disability in patients.
ConclusionIn patients with symptomatic KOA, the presence of knee CC did not affect the risk of arthroplasty or disease progression at 5 years.
CONCLUSION: Lack of relief of pain or restoration of function or quality of life or the occurrence of surgical complications after TJR were defined as TJR failure by participants. Functional TJR failure seems as or more important than surgical failure. This patient perspective of TJR failure further confirmed their inclusion in core domain set for TJR clinical trials in people undergoing knee or hip replacements. PMID: 31787606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study is a prospective randomized controlled pilot trial in which 120 patients with mild to moderate KOA will be randomly allocated in equal proportions to a fire acupuncture group or a general acupuncture group. They will receive acupuncture for six sessions over 2 weeks. The primary end point is success rate, which will be calculated based on the change from baseline of the pain and function scores in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index at 4 weeks. Secondary end points include the proportion of patients achieving clinical i mprovement based on: (1) the OMERACT-OARSI resp...