Mechanistic insights into δ-opioid-induced cardioprotection: Involvement of caveolin translocation to the mitochondria

Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Jia-Wan Wang, Zi-Yi Xue, An-Shi WuAbstractAimsThe cardioprotective effects of preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury depend on the structural integrity of membrane caveolae and signaling through G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, the mechanisms underlying opioid preconditioning are not fully understood. Here, we examined whether caveolins transmitted opioid-GPCR signals to the mitochondria to mediate cardioprotection.Main methodsMice were treated with pertussis toxin (PTX) or saline. Thirty-six hours later, mice from each group were randomly assigned to receive the δ-opioid receptor agonist SNC-121 or saline intraperitoneally 15 min before in vivo I/R. Infarct sizes in each group were compared, and immunoblot analysis was used to detect caveolin expression. The structures of caveolae and mitochondria were determined by electron microscopy (EM). The opening degree of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) was assessed by colorimetry, and mitochondrial respiratory function was assessed by Oxygraph-2k.Key findingsTreatment with an opioid receptor agonist reduced the myocardial infarct size after I/R injury, increased caveolin expression, decreased mitochondrial mPTP opening, and improved mitochondrial respiratory function. EM analysis revealed that opioids induced caveolae formation in myocytes and tended to promote translocation to mitochondria....
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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