Drug-free in-vitro activation of follicles for infertility treatment in poor ovarian response patients with decreased ovarian reserve

ConclusionsThe present drug-free IVA approach may be suitable for POR patients with DOR, as it increased the number of antral follicles. The procedure also eliminated the need for 2-day incubation with drugs and required only one surgery. This approach could allow the retrieval of more oocytes in middle-aged women to achieve higher pregnancy rates and deserves proper evaluation in future randomized controlled trials.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Yang DN, Wu JH, Geng L, Cao LJ, Zhang QJ, Luo JQ, Kallen A, Hou ZH, Qian WP, Shi Y, Xia X Abstract This meta-analysis was intended to evaluate the effects of intrauterine perfusion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) on the pregnancy outcomes including clinical pregnancy rates, embryo implantation rates, live birth rates and miscarriage rates of infertile women who were undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. By searching Pubmed, Embase database, five articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included, and 1173 women were enrolled (intrauterine PBMC group: n = 514; NO-P...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 November 2019Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Mauro Cozzolino, Jason Franasiak, Alessandra Andrisani, Guido Ambrosini, Amerigo VitaglianoAbstractTo evaluate the effectiveness of delay start protocol in improving the success of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in poor responders according to Bologna’s criteria. Only randomized controlled trial (RCT) of infertile women undergoing a single IVF/ICSI cycle with ovarian stimulation protocol based on daily injections with delay start protocol or a conventional antagonist protocol were...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This article reviews the immunomodulatory role of vitamin D in autoimmune diseases and pregnancy. In particular, we will describe the role of vitamin D from conception until delivery, including the health of the offspring. This review highlights an observational study where hypovitaminosis D was correlated with decreased fertility, increased disease activity, placental insufficiency, and preeclampsia in women with APS.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionObesity is closely associated with primary infertility and PCOD. Menstrual abnormalities associated with PCOD significantly improve after bariatric surgery with significant improvement in fertility along with maternal outcomes.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo compare the clinical outcome of fresh embryo transfer with frozen-thawed embryo transfer in subsequent cycle of GnRH antagonist protocol.MethodsTotally, 1430 women were enrolled from the cases of our Assisted Reproduction Center from January 2015 to January 2019 for this retrospective cohort study. The inclusion criteria of the subjects included women with ages under 40  years, 3–10 oocytes retrieved, good embryo quality according to gardener score, GnRH antagonist protocol, underwent first cycle of fresh embryo transfer or freeze-all strategy and transferred in subsequent cycle. However, the p...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Purpose of review In recent years, new studies have investigated the role and influence of sleep on female fertility and early pregnancy outcomes, providing a growing body of knowledge demonstrating how regulation by sleep of hormones are important to reproduction, and how disruptions in sleep, circadian rhythms, and genes regulating circadian rhythmicity can negatively impact fertility and early pregnancy outcomes. This review aims to summarize the most recent research on the relationship among circadian rhythms, fertility, and early pregnancy outcomes in women, and to explore possible fertility interventions. Recent f...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY: Edited by Wendy Kuohung Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results must be considered as preliminary, due to the small numbers of patients, limited follow-up duration after birth due to young age of the studied population, and observational methods. An important point is that the high risk of reproductive dysfunction of women prenatally exposed to DES was not observed in their daughters. There is a signal on the high incidence of uterine defects, especially aplastic uterus, and its possible link with DES exposure through epigenetic effects is discussed in our findings. Inconsistent findings regarding pregnancy outcomes in the third generation are worthy of furthe...
Source: Therapie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Therapie Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Currently we are uncertain of an effect of the routine use of NSAIDs as co-treatments in infertile women undergoing assisted reproduction in order to improve ongoing pregnancy and miscarriage rates. This is based on available data from RCTs, where very low quality evidence showed that there is no single outcome measure demonstrating a benefit with their use. Further large, well-designed randomised placebo-controlled trials reporting on live births are required to clarify the exact role of NSAIDs. PMID: 31628860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsDYD confers teratogenic effects after exposure to the recommended doses in pregnant women. The risks of hypospadias and cryptorchidism have biological plausibility by the known effects on male genitalia, as is the risk for spina bifida, by the proven decrease in folic acid levels. Some of these adverse fetal effects appear to be further augmented by concomitant use of IVF and ART.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion and dissemination: We will assess the efficacy and safety of physical exercise on semen quality and reproductive outcomes in infertile men. The findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal to provide evidence-based medical evidence for clinical decision making and the patient's lifestyle guidance. Registration information: PROSPERO CRD42019140294
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
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