Possible mechanisms of the antimicrobial effects of polypeptide ‑enriched Gastrodia elata Blume extracts.

Possible mechanisms of the antimicrobial effects of polypeptide‑enriched Gastrodia elata Blume extracts. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Sep 25;: Authors: Kong F, Cai X, Zhai S, Wang R, Zheng X, Ma Y, Bi H, Wang D Abstract The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity and the possible mechanisms of activity of polypeptide‑enriched Gastrodia elata extracts (GEP) against the gram‑negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the gram‑positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and the fungus Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity of GEP was first confirmed by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration by growth curve analysis. GEP was found to damage the cell wall and membrane of the microorganisms tested, as revealed by the morphological changes visible through scanning electron microscopy, and by the observed leakage of alkaline phosphatase and β‑galactosidase from cells. GEP was demonstrated to perturb the metabolism of the microorganisms, especially the tricarboxylic acid cycle, as indicated by the reduced intracellular activity of succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase and ATPases, including the Na+/K+‑ATPase and the Ca2+‑ATPase. In addition, GEP caused the leakage of the genetic material of the bacteria and the fungus, as indicated by the increased OD260. The results of the present study indicated that GEP may exert its antimicrobial activity by damaging cell walls and membranes, causing the leaka...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research

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There is grave necessity to counter the menace of drug-resistant biofilms of pathogens using nanomaterials. Moreover, we need to produce nanoparticles (NPs) using inexpensive clean biological approaches that demonstrate broad-spectrum inhibition of microbial biofilms and cytotoxicity against HepG2 cell lines. In the current research work, titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs were fabricated through an environmentally friendly green process using the root extract of Withania somnifera as the stabilizing and reducing agent to examine its antibiofilm and anticancer potential. Further, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrare...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, RCP effectively inhibited the growth of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and a fungal species by disrupting energy metabolic processes. PMID: 32415505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
oltronieri : The synthesis of metal nanoparticles using plant extracts is a very promising method in green synthesis. The medicinal value of Moringa oleifera leaves and the antimicrobial activity of metallic copper were combined in the present study to synthesize copper nanoparticles having a desirable added-value inorganic material. The use of a hydroalcoholic extract of M. oleifera leaves for the green synthesis of copper nanoparticles is an attractive method as it leads to the production of harmless chemicals and reduces waste. The total phenolic content in the M. oleifera leaves extract was 23.0 ± 0.3 mg...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In vitro antimicrobial activity showed that the suspension of ZNPs with 250 ppm concentration could effectively cause a proper reduction and inhibition in the growth of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms. Therefore, the results revealed the efficacy of the antibacterial properties of synthesized ZNPs suspension in aqueous media. PMID: 31847595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Curr Eye Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: PolymerAuthor(s): O.I. Timaeva, N.A. Arkharova, A.S. Orekhov, V.V. Klechkovskaya, S.P. Mulakov, G.M. Kuz'micheva, I.I. PashkinAbstractComposite hydrogels in the poly-N-vinylpyrrolidone – RE(NO3)3 × xH2O system with RE = La, Gd, Yb were prepared in various forms (native, native dried in the air, dried in air and ground into powder). They were studied by methods of wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and electron microprobe analysis. The composition of native PVP and PVP with powd...
Source: Polymer - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, a green synthesis approach was used to create a composite hydrogel (CoHy) of RSF stabilized with CarboxymethylCellulose-Na (CMC-Na) and loaded with AgNPs. Their swelling ratios were up to 59 g/g when tested in different physiologically relevant fluids. Material characterizations by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of AgNPs on the surface. Antimicrobial properties of the CoHy samples were evaluated using agar diffusion tests. The results showed distinct inhibition zones against major microorganisms found in...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 105Author(s): V. Ganesan, M. Hariram, S. Vivekanandhan, S. MuthuramkumarAbstractThe Periconium sp. extract mediated sol-gel process was effectively utilized for the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles. The aqueous fungal extract acted as chelating agent for the Zn2+ ions and lead to the formation of gel. The dried gel was characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) respectively to identify th...
Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
utarowska Studies on the functionalization of materials used for the construction of filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) relate to endowing fibers with biocidal properties. There is also a real need for reducing moisture content accumulating in such materials during FFR use, as it would lead to decreased microorganism survival. Thus, in our study, we propose the use of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs), together with a biocidal agent (biohalloysite), as additives in the manufacturing of polypropylene/polyester (PP/PET) multifunctional filtering material (MFM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the MFM for stability...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
o IS, De Souza AO Abstract Biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were obtained throughout the fungal biosynthesis using extracellular filtrate of the epiphytic fungus B. ochroleuca and were incorporated in cotton and polyester fabrics by common impregnation procedure that was repeated once, twice or four times. Both fabrics were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the effectiveness of impregnation was determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES). The AgNPs loaded fabrics showed potent antimicrobial activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as well...
Source: Biomedical Microdevices - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Biomed Microdevices Source Type: research
We reported the fabrication of bismuth-doped copper aluminate nanocomposites (BiCuAl2O4 NCs) via microwave-assisted method for antioxidant and antibacterial performances. As-fabricated material was characterized by electron spectroscopy techniques like X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and BET. The structural and chemical state authentication of material was confirmed by XRD, FTIR, EDS, Raman and XPS, while morphology explored by SEM. The s...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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