Possible mechanisms of the antimicrobial effects of polypeptide ‑enriched Gastrodia elata Blume extracts.

Possible mechanisms of the antimicrobial effects of polypeptide‑enriched Gastrodia elata Blume extracts. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Sep 25;: Authors: Kong F, Cai X, Zhai S, Wang R, Zheng X, Ma Y, Bi H, Wang D Abstract The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity and the possible mechanisms of activity of polypeptide‑enriched Gastrodia elata extracts (GEP) against the gram‑negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the gram‑positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and the fungus Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity of GEP was first confirmed by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration by growth curve analysis. GEP was found to damage the cell wall and membrane of the microorganisms tested, as revealed by the morphological changes visible through scanning electron microscopy, and by the observed leakage of alkaline phosphatase and β‑galactosidase from cells. GEP was demonstrated to perturb the metabolism of the microorganisms, especially the tricarboxylic acid cycle, as indicated by the reduced intracellular activity of succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase and ATPases, including the Na+/K+‑ATPase and the Ca2+‑ATPase. In addition, GEP caused the leakage of the genetic material of the bacteria and the fungus, as indicated by the increased OD260. The results of the present study indicated that GEP may exert its antimicrobial activity by damaging cell walls and membranes, causing the leaka...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research

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In this study, a green synthesis approach was used to create a composite hydrogel (CoHy) of RSF stabilized with CarboxymethylCellulose-Na (CMC-Na) and loaded with AgNPs. Their swelling ratios were up to 59 g/g when tested in different physiologically relevant fluids. Material characterizations by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of AgNPs on the surface. Antimicrobial properties of the CoHy samples were evaluated using agar diffusion tests. The results showed distinct inhibition zones against major microorganisms found in...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 105Author(s): V. Ganesan, M. Hariram, S. Vivekanandhan, S. MuthuramkumarAbstractThe Periconium sp. extract mediated sol-gel process was effectively utilized for the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles. The aqueous fungal extract acted as chelating agent for the Zn2+ ions and lead to the formation of gel. The dried gel was characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) respectively to identify th...
Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
utarowska Studies on the functionalization of materials used for the construction of filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) relate to endowing fibers with biocidal properties. There is also a real need for reducing moisture content accumulating in such materials during FFR use, as it would lead to decreased microorganism survival. Thus, in our study, we propose the use of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs), together with a biocidal agent (biohalloysite), as additives in the manufacturing of polypropylene/polyester (PP/PET) multifunctional filtering material (MFM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the MFM for stability...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
o IS, De Souza AO Abstract Biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were obtained throughout the fungal biosynthesis using extracellular filtrate of the epiphytic fungus B. ochroleuca and were incorporated in cotton and polyester fabrics by common impregnation procedure that was repeated once, twice or four times. Both fabrics were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the effectiveness of impregnation was determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES). The AgNPs loaded fabrics showed potent antimicrobial activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as well...
Source: Biomedical Microdevices - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Biomed Microdevices Source Type: research
We reported the fabrication of bismuth-doped copper aluminate nanocomposites (BiCuAl2O4 NCs) via microwave-assisted method for antioxidant and antibacterial performances. As-fabricated material was characterized by electron spectroscopy techniques like X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and BET. The structural and chemical state authentication of material was confirmed by XRD, FTIR, EDS, Raman and XPS, while morphology explored by SEM. The s...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study aimed at developing an antimicrobial material based on hydroxyapatite (HAp) and peppermint essential oil (P-EO) in order to stimulate the antimicrobial activity of hydroxyapatite. The molecular spectral features and morphology of the P-EO, HAp and hydroxyapatite coated with peppermint essential oil (HAp-P) were analyzed using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The coating of the HAp with the P-EO did not affect the ellipsoidal shape of the nanoparticles. The overlapping of IR bands of P-EO and HAp in the HAp-P spectrum determined the formation of the broad mole...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Ohyla A. EL-Gammal, Heba A. Alshater, Hanaa A. El-BoraeyAbstractNovel mononuclear Fe(III), Cu(II), Cd(II), Sn(IV) and binuclear Ni(II) and Hg(II) complexes with the Schiff base ligand: (E)-N'-((4-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene) nicotinohydrazide were synthesized. The elucidation of the structure of the prepared compounds were performed by elemental analyses, magnetic measurements, thermogravimetry, 3D molecular modeling, molar conductance techniques and by various spectroscopic (IR, 1H NMR, UV–Visible, EPR) tools. Antioxida...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, a transposon mutagenesis approach was applied to reveal the factors involved in resistance to oxidative stress, and the biofilm formation among mutants and WT strains were further detected using crystal violet staining (CVS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) to reveal potential relationship between oxidative stress and biofilm formation. Materials and Methods The Development of Mutants Library The procedure of transposon mutagenesis approach was performed as described by Zhang et al. (2018). Screening of Mutants Tolerance to Oxidative Stress For screening...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, potential biological applications of PF-SeNPs were explored by antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and biocompatibility assays. Materials and Methods Chemicals and Reagents Sodium selenite (98%), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT), Tween 80, methanol, acetate buffer, tetracycline, nystatin, rhodamine 123, caspase-3 kit, Dulbecco’s modified Eagle media (DMEM), Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, 2,2-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS), Dulbecco’s phosphate buffered saline pH 7.4 (DPBS) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) w...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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