Ethnic Differences in Dietary Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Mixed Methods Study Comparing Ethnic Chinese Immigrants and Australian Women

ConclusionsThis study suggests the need for provision of more concrete, prescriptive, and culturally relevant dietary and supplementation advice for ethnic Chinese women with GDM.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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Pregnancy is a time of significant hemodynamic, metabolic, and hormonal stress that can unmask underlying subclinical cardiovascular abnormalities, and pregnancy-related complications may serve as early warning signs for future risk of cardiovascular disease. The increased recognition of these sex-specific risk factors could identify women who may benefit from more intensive risk factor modification to reduce morbidity and mortality later in life. In this review, we describe several pregnancy-related complications that have been associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease, including hypertensive disorders of pregnan...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication. Its etiology remains incompletely understood. Studies in recent years suggest that fetal sex may affect maternal metabolic milieu during pregnancy. We sought to assess whether there is fetal sex dimorphism in the risk factors of GDM. In a prospective pregnancy cohort in Shanghai, China, we studied 2,435 singleton pregnant women without pre-existing diabetes. GDM was diagnosed according to the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)' criteria. Log-binomial models were applied to obtain the adjusted relative risk (aRR). ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionIncreased expression levels of KISS1 and KISS1R in case of diabetes mellitus may play a role in the altered placentation process and lead to the development of preeclampsia.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo assess evidence to date for use of non-insulin agents in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus.Recent FindingsThere has been increasing interest in the use of non-insulin agents, primarily metformin and glyburide (which both cross the placenta). Metformin has been associated with less maternal weight gain; however, recent studies have shown a trend toward increased weight in offspring exposed to metformin in utero. Glyburide has been associated with increased neonatal hypoglycemia.SummaryGlycemic control during pregnancy is essential to optimize both maternal and fetal outcomes. There are a...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study questioned whether raised pre-pregnancy two-hour (2 h) insulin levels, measured in recurrent embryonic miscarriage (RM) patients via a 75 g Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), are associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a subsequent pregnancy. Patients had a 75 g OGTT and insulin levels evaluated (n = 170). 54.1% had normal glucose and insulin levels, 45.9% had levels indicating hyperinsulinism (HI). In the 98 patients who achieved a pregnancy, the prevalence of GDM was 3.7% in those without HI, and 35.7% in the patients who only had raised 2...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prenatal smoking is associated with higher odds of GDM, after adjusting for known risk factors, and stratifying by prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain. Reducing smoking during pregnancy might reduce the risk of GDM and could be an additional reason for promoting smoking cessation among pregnant women. PMID: 31809434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether women with diabetes are at risk for 60-day postpartum readmissions and associated complications. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database from 2010 to 2014 was analyzed to determine risk for 60-day postpartum readmissions among women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), type 2 DM, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and unspecified DM compared with women with no diabetes. Secondary outcomes included evaluating risk for overall severe maternal morbidity during readmissions, as well as wound complications, acute diabetic complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis, v...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify the importance of potentially modifiable predictors of ...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In conclusion, current evidence favors universal screening for GDM using the one-step method. Early screening for GDM is not favorably supported by the literature.
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effects of tetramethylpyrazine on inflammatory responses, ER stress and oxidative stress of the placenta in a mouse model of GDM. Our results showed that tetramethylpyrazine treatment significantly alleviated the GDM symptoms characterized by low body weight and serum insulin levels, high blood glucose, and decreased β-cell function in pregnant C57BL/KsJdb/+ mice. In addition, tetramethylpyrazine reduced the level of malondialdehyde, and increased the levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione. Moreover, tetramethylpyrazine decreased the total serum chole...
Source: Archives of Pharmacal Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Arch Pharm Res Source Type: research
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