Medical News Today: Hair loss in children: What to know

Hair loss is not uncommon in children. Common causes include fungal infections, stress, and hair pulling. Learn about causes, treatments, and when to see a doctor, here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics / Children's Health Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Since Cushing's syndrome is a rare disease and it is often diagnosed later in life, data on the frequency of skin findings are limited and sparse in the literature. In the comparison of endogenous Cushing's and exogenous Cushing's groups, acne, hypertrichosis, and fungal infections were found more frequently in the exogenous Cushing's group and hirsutism more frequently in the endogenous Cushing's group. PMID: 31333343 [PubMed]
Source: Advances in Dermatology and Allergology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Postepy Dermatol Alergol Source Type: research
AbstractAzole antifungals are first-line options in the prophylaxis and treatment of invasive fungal infections. They are often used for prolonged (weeks to months) periods of time, particularly in patients with hematologic malignancies, or in those who have received a solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Long-term use of azoles is associated with hepatotoxicity and hormone-related effects, including gynecomastia, alopecia, decreased libido, oligospermia, azoospermia, impotence, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, and (rarely) adrenal insufficiency. Voriconazole and posaconazole have been associated with peripheral ne...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the pattern of dermatological diseases in some regions of Saudi Arabia, but studies on the prevalence of skin diseases in Jeddah are lacking. OBJECTIVES:Assess the pattern of skin diseases in Jeddah based on age and sex differences and compare the results with those of previous studies conducted in other regions of Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. DESIGN:A cross-sectional prevalence study, retrospective. SETTING:Dermatology clinic of King Abdulaziz University hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Data obtained from electronic medical records were summarized and a...
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: ISSUE 1 Source Type: research
This article aims to review the literature on topical KTZ's efficacy and adverse effects, as well as provide an overview on current insights regarding its mechanism of action and upcoming developments. METHODS: A PubMed search was done to include randomized-controlled trials focusing on the use of topical KTZ on human subjects. RESULTS: Forty studies with 4566 patients were included in this review. Topical KTZ is clinically effective for the treatment of Malassezia-related conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis versicolor with a reported efficacy of 63-90% and 71-89%, respectively. DISCUSSION: ...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
Rationale: Rationale:Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with liver failure. Voriconazole (VRCZ) is recommended as a primary therapeutic agent for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis and metabolized in the liver. Now, data are still lacking on the safety and appropriate dosage of VRCZ in patients with liver failure. Here, we report a representative case of invasive pulmonary fungal infection in a patient with liver failure who was treated with low-dose VRCZ. Patient concerns: Patient concerns:A 21-year-old man, presented with subacute liver failure caused...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
World-leading dermatologists and their patients are celebrating huge improvements in the treatment of skin diseases like skin cancer, psoriasis, and acne as theCochrane Skin Group marks its 20th anniversary this week.   The effects of the 120 plus published Cochrane Skin Reviews have been far-reaching and have had real impacts on patient care. These include skin cancer, skin allergies, and acne, blistering diseases, hair disorders like alopecia, fungal infections and psoriasis as well as tropical parasitic disea ses.The group is coordinated by the University of Nottingham ’s Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract: Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in S ão Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36.6%). Despite recent migratory movements in the city, we observed no ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusions Environment, group living, occupational activities and work-related stress act as initiating and/or aggravating factors in the development and/or spread of some conditions. The knowledge of disease profile empowers doctors to enforce preventive measures and prepare for treatment modalities. In particular, the underlying psychological component in lichen simplex chronicus and alopecia areata should be addressed appropriately.
Source: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Infectious diseases, Dermatology Original article Source Type: research
This study included 100 vitiligo patients and 100 healthy subjects. Full medical histories were collected from the subjects, who underwent thorough general and nail examinations. All nail changes were noted. In the event of clinical suspicion of a fungal infection, additional mycological investigations were performed. Results: Nail abnormalities were more prevalent in the patients (78%) than in the controls (55%) (p=0.001). Longitudinal ridging was the most common finding (42%), followed by (in descending order): leukonychia, an absent lunula, onycholysis, nail bed pallor, onychomycosis, splinter hemorrhage and nail plate ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Meteorological data show that disastrous floods are increasingly frequent and more severe in recent years, perhaps due to climatic changes such as global warming. During and after a flood disaster, traumatic injuries, communicable diseases, chemical exposures, malnutrition, decreased access to care, and even mental health disorders dramatically increase, and many of these have dermatological manifestations. Numerous case reports document typical and atypical cutaneous infections, percutaneous trauma, immersion injuries, noninfectious contact exposures, exposure to wildlife, and exacerbation of underlying ...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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