Topical anesthetics for pediatric laser treatment

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Source: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy - Category: Laser Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we quantified the effects of oxytocin or LLLT alone and the combination of oxytocin and LLLT on cortical excitation induced by electrical stimulation of the dental pulp using optical imaging with a voltage-sensitive dye in the neuropathic pain model with partial ligation of the infraorbital nerve (pl-ION). We applied oxytocin (OXT, 0.5 μmol) to the rat once on the day of pl-ION locally to the injured nerve. LLLT using a diode laser (810 nm, 0.1 W, 500 sec, continuous mode) was performed daily via the skin to the injured nerve from the day of pl-ION to 2 days after pl-ION. Cortical responses to electrical ...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: During laser for ROP, low dose fentanyl infusion was found to be efficacious in reducing pain as compared with 24% sucrose.What is Known:• Preterm infants undergoing laser photocoagulation for ROP suffer significant amount of pain.• Standard of care for pain relief in infants undergoing laser therapy in developed countries is general anesthesia (GA) or combination of sedation, analgesia, and paralysis (SAP).What is New:• During laser photocoagulation for ROP, fentanyl infusion at low dose (1 mcg/kg/hr) is efficacious in reducing pain as compared to 24% oral sucrose.
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
This article presents research-based evidence to support the use of these modalities in pain management and to reduce the use of pain medications, including opioids. The mechanism of action, applications, contraindications, and adverse effects of cryotherapy, pulsed electromagnetic field therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and laser therapy are reviewed. Incorporation of 1 or more of these therapies in anesthesia pain management protocols can improve outcomes and reduce potential drug side effects.
Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractDuring the injection of local anesthesia in pediatric dental procedures, from the injection time until the elimination of tissue anesthesia, inevitable problems were reported. According to the encouraging results of previous studies addressing the positive effects of laser therapy on increasing the microcirculation, we aimed to investigate the clinical effect of photobiomodulation therapy on the reversal of soft tissue anesthesia in children. Using a split-mouth design, 34 children aged 4 to 8  years old, candidate for receiving local infiltration injection at both right and left side in mandible, were enrolle...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
The objective is to report 3 cases of vocal fold cysts treated with thulium laser in an office setting under local anesthesia. The surgical technique, which consists of surgical marsupialization, is described in detail with emphasis on the laser setting. All 3 patients had complete regression of the lesion and marked improvement in voice quality and good closure of the vocal folds during phonation. The authors review the literature on the application of laser therapy in an office setting and advocate this as an alternative treatment option for patients with vocal fold cysts who are at high risk for general anesthesia or un...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
Noninvasive treatment is recommended as first line for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. However, surgical procedures are more likely to be implemented to cure UI but are associated with more adverse events. Less invasive operative mesh techniques are relatively effective, but not immune to complications such as bleeding, bladder perforation, urethral injury, infection, and the retention requiring mesh resection. In patients for whom the risks of anesthesia and surgery are too high, a minimally invasive approach is recommended and further research is needed in terms of more compliant, less invasive and low-cost methods f...
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: INV16 Source Type: research
Conclusion: Large airway intervention using rigid bronchoscopy under general anaesthetic within the confines of a multidisciplinary team is safe, successful and well tolerated. Rigid bronchoscopy at our centre is progressively increasing.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Thomas R Hickey, Michael Casimir, Natalie F HoltJournal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 2018 34(3):401-402
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe efficacy of laser therapy for urinary incontinence was confirmed. This is the first study to report on the effect of laser therapy on urinary incontinence in Japanese women.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract We conducted a retrospective chart review of 27 patients-7 men and 20 women, aged 47 to 94 years (mean: 71.3)-with symptomatic epiphora secondary to dacryostenosis who had undergone thulium: YAG (Tm:YAG) laser dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Among them, dacryostenosis had been documented in 35 eyes by dacryocystography. The Tm:YAG procedure involved the administration of local anesthesia, after which a 600-μm laser fiber was inserted into the lacrimal canaliculi and then into the nasolacrimal duct. Under endoscopic visualization, the DCR was performed anterior and inferior to the middle turbinate, which c...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
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