The role of cellular senescence in diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis: molecular pathways and potential interventions.

The role of cellular senescence in diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis: molecular pathways and potential interventions. Hormones (Athens). 2019 Nov 08;: Authors: Giovos G, Yavropoulou MP, Yovos JG Abstract The improving effectiveness of health care leads inevitably to a rapid increase in the elderly population worldwide. At advanced ages, however, people experience chronic disabilities, which significantly increase the social and economic burden while curtailing survival, independence, and quality of life of the aging population. As aging is a multifactorial process, apart from genetic predisposition, other environmental factors, such as chronic sterile inflammation and cellular senescence, contribute as crucial participants and have been targeted to reverse their deleterious effects on tissue homeostasis and functional integrity. Cellular senescence refers to the essentially irreversible inhibition of cellular proliferation when cells are subjected to extrinsic or endogenous stress. Although the process of cellular senescence has long been known, recent evidence demonstrated that it characterizes many aging phenotypes and that elimination of senescent cells at the tissue level can improve age-related tissue dysfunction. These observations have renewed scientific interest in possible therapeutic interventions. Two major chronic diseases associated with aging that impose an enormous burden on global health systems are type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. This ...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Siamashvili M, Davis S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bromocriptine mesylate quick release (QR) is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist and is the only oral, primarily centrally acting drug that can be used for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. AREAS COVERED: The authors describe current recommendations on the use of bromocriptine mesylate QR. Major efficacy and safety parameters of the late phase trials, including The Cycloset Safety Trial, have been identified and presented. EXPERT OPINION: Efficacy of bromocriptine mesylate QR monotherapy appears to be low but is compensated by favorable safety pr...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Tingting Wang, Lin Zheng, Tiantian Zhao, Qi Zhang, Zhitong Liu, Xiaoling Liu, Mouming Zhao
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
In Western countries, life expectancy and thus the significance of (chronic) non-communicable diseases (NCD) have increased [1]. The most common NCD comprise cardiovascular, pulmonary and musculoskeletal diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cancer [2]. In elderly women, osteoporosis associated-fractures add to the main causes of disability and mortality [3]. As NCD mostly develop silently and chronic-progressively early detection and intervention are warranted. (Online) risk calculators are a common method for screening.
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Chronic dysfunction, disabilities, and complex diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, osteoporosis and certain cancers, among other burdens, emerge and accelerate in midlife women. Previously in part l, we described the clinical and laboratory research findings that more readily explain and clarify the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms driving these clinical burdens, including new findings on how in particular visceral obesity and the emergence and acceleration of various components of metabolic syndrome —glucotoxicity and lipotoxicity—and a chronic systemic inflammatory state abett...
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Expert Review Source Type: research
Chronic dysfunction, disabilities and complex diseases such as cardiovascular disease, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, osteoporosis and certain cancers among other burdens emerge and accelerate in midlife women. Previously in Part l we have described clinical and laboratory research findings which more readily explain and clarify the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms driving these clinical burdens. Included were new findings on how in particular visceral obesity and the emergence and acceleration of various components of the Metabolic Syndrome – glucotoxicity, lipotoxicity and a chronic systemic inflammatory state abetted...
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Expert Review Source Type: research
Chronic dysfunction, disabilities, and complex diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, osteoporosis and certain cancers, among other burdens, emerge and accelerate in midlife women. Previously in part l, we described the clinical and laboratory research findings that more readily explain and clarify the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms driving these clinical burdens, including new findings on how in particular visceral obesity and the emergence and acceleration of various components of metabolic syndrome —glucotoxicity and lipotoxicity—and a chronic systemic inflammatory state abett...
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Expert Review Source Type: research
Abstract Overweight and obesity according to the definition of the WHO are considered as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Studies comparing fracture incidence in obese and non-obese individuals have demonstrated that obesity, defined on the basis of body mass index (BMI), is associated with increased risk of fracture at some sites but seems to be protective at others. The results of the studies are influenced by the distribution of BMI in the population studied; for example, in cohorts with a low prevalence of obesity, a predilection for certain fracture sites in obese individuals ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Russo GT, Giandalia A, Romeo EL, Nunziata M, Muscianisi M, Ruffo MC, Catalano A, Cucinotta D Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk of osteoporotic fractures, resulting in disabilities and increased mortality. The pathophysiological mechanisms linking diabetes to osteoporosis have not been fully explained, but alterations in bone structure and quality are well described in diabetic subjects, likely due to a combination of different factors. Insulin deficiency and dysfunction, obesity and hyperinsulinemia, altered level of oestrogen, leptin, and adiponectin as well as ...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
In conclusion, hTERT expression strictly limits telomerase activation in most of somatic cells, whereas mTERT expression is detectable in most of mouse tissue cells. The interspecies differences between human and mice suggest an improved mouse line, in which both telomerase regulation and telomere length controls are humanized, would considerably benefit the studies of human aging and cancer using mouse models. ON CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING AND CELLULAR REJUVENATION https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/07/on-cellular-reprogramming-and-cellular-rejuvenation/ The commentary linked below takes a look at some rece...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
More News: Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Disability | Endocrinology | Environmental Health | Genetics | Health Management | Hormones | Orthopaedics | Osteoporosis