Why India should seriously give attention to overweight & diabetes problems
A new national survey shows 10% of children are at risk of developing diabetes. Policies must focus on getting them to eat right and exercise. In 2016, diabetes was directly responsible for 1.6 million deaths around the world, according to the WHO. The new data comes even as India is struggling with a diabetic population of over 72 million.
Investigational drug impacts hunger and reduces weight in two small, preliminary trials in patients with obesity caused by two rare genetic mutations; agent may have wider uses, says an expert.Medscape Medical News
According to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, bariatric surgery in obese patients over the age of 65 can lead to successful weight-loss and diabetes control.iNews
Authors: Janssen LGM, van Dam AD, Hanssen MJW, Kooijman S, Nahon KJ, Reinders H, Jazet IM, van Marken Lichtenbelt WD, Rensen PCN, Appelman-Dijkstra NM, Boon MR Abstract BACKGROUND: South Asians generally have an unfavourable metabolic phenotype compared with white Caucasians, including central obesity and insulin resistance. The Wnt protein family interacts with insulin signaling, and impaired Wnt signaling is associated with adiposity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to investigate Wnt signaling in relation to insulin signaling in South Asians compared with white Caucasians. METHODS: Ten Dutch South Asia...
CONCLUSION: Higher plasma CD36 levels were associated with higher diabetes risk, but the association was not independent of adiposity. In this Danish population, the association of CD36 with diabetes risk could be either mediated or confounded by adiposity. PMID: 31701685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Bae JH, Choi HJ, Cho KIK, Kim LK, Kwon JS, Cho YM Abstract BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist on functional brain activation in lean and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in response to visual food cues. METHODS: In a randomized, single-blinded, crossover study, 15 lean and 14 obese individuals with T2DM were administered lixisenatide or normal saline subcutaneously with a 1-week washout period. We evaluated brain activation in response to pictures of high-calorie food, low-calorie food, and nonfood using functional magnetic resonan...
Conclusions/interpretationOur results suggest that non-burning (low-dose) UVR suppresses the BAT ‘whitening’, steatotic and pro-diabetic effects of consuming a high-fat diet through skin release of nitric oxide, with some metabolic and immune pathways in iBAT regulated by UVR independently of nitric oxide.
This study examines the association between CVD risk factors and nativity/length of US residence. Using cross-sectional data from 15,965 adults in the 2011–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (analyzed in 2018), prevalence ratios and predicted marginals from logistic regression models are used to estimate associations of CVD risk factors (i.e., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, overweight/obesity and smoking) with nativity/length of residence (
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
(Society for Endocrinology) While weight-loss surgeries are not usually performed in people above the age of 65, a new study shows that these procedures can lead to successful weight loss and better diabetes control in older adults. The study, presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, UK, indicates that elderly patients treated with bariatric surgery (gastric bypass or gastric sleeve) can recover well and have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications, including heart disease and diabetes.
ConclusionsPhysical activity of at least moderate intensity but not sedentary time is independently associated with the metabolic syndrome.