Ageing-associated changes in the expression of lncRNAs in human tissues reflect a transcriptional modulation in ageing pathways

Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Saara Marttila, Kasit Chatsirisupachai, Daniel Palmer, João Pedro de MagalhãesAbstractAgeing-associated changes in the protein coding transcriptome have been extensively characterised, but less attention has been paid to the non-coding portion of the human genome, especially to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Only a minority of known lncRNAs have been functionally characterised; however, a handful of these lncRNAs have already been linked to ageing-associated processes. To gain more information on the effects of ageing on lncRNAs, we identified from GTEx data lncRNAs that show ageing-associated expression patterns (age-lncRNAs) in 29 human tissues in 20-79-year-old individuals.The age-lncRNAs identified were highly tissue-specific, but the protein coding genes co-expressed with the age-lncRNAs and the functional categories associated with the age-lncRNAs showed significant overlap across tissues. Functions associated with the age-lncRNAs, including immune system processes and transcription, were similar to what has previously been reported for protein coding genes with ageing-associated expression pattern. As the tissue-specific age-lncRNAs were associated with shared functions across tissues, they may reflect the tissue-specific fine-tuning of the common ageing-associated processes. The present study can be utilised as a resource when selecting and prioritis...
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

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