Endovascular thrombectomy and left atrial appendage evaluation for recurrent cerebral embolism case with atrial fibrillation early after administration of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator
ConclusionsAttention should be paid to ischemic stroke recurrence as a complication of IV t-PA, and preparation for mechanical thrombectomy is warranted. Further study of the left atrial appendage is needed to clarify the mechanisms of onset.
Authors: Casolla B, Cordonnier C Abstract Antithrombotic therapy is a cornerstone for secondary prevention of ischaemic events, cerebral and extra-cerebral. A number of clinical questions remain unanswered concerning the impact of antithrombotic drugs on the risk of first-ever and recurrent macro or micro cerebral haemorrhages, raising the clinical dilemma on the risk/benefit balance of giving antiplatelets and anticoagulants in patients with potential high risk of brain bleeds. High field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) blood-weighted sequences, including susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), have expanded the s...
ConclusionsCardiovascular MRI at 3 Tesla is an appropriate method for the evaluation of cardiac function in a selected cohort of patients with AIS. Systolic and diastolic dysfunction is frequent in these patients. CRT imaging allows reliable assessment of systolic and diastolic function.
This article summarizes the latest research on this topic and provides an approach to clinical practice to use cardiac imaging after stroke.Recent FindingsEchocardiography remains the primary imaging method for cardiac work-up after stroke. Recent echocardiography studies further demonstrated promising results regarding the prediction of non-permanent atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography have been tested for their diagnostic value, in particular in patients with cryptogenic stroke, and can be considered as second line methods, providing complementary informat...
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that uninterrupted DOAC is not superior to VKA in patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF with comparable rates of major bleeding and stroke. PMID: 32056498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Background: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are associated with the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the association between CMBs and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke and AF. Methods: We retrospectively examined consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke and AF who underwent brain gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The number and distribution (lobar, deep or infratentorial, and mixed) of CMBs were assessed.
ConclusionsIntravenous thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator after reversal of dabigatran with idarucizumab may be safe and feasible in patients with acute ischemic stroke with lacunar infarct. Furthermore, intravenous thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator could be used in patients in emergency settings until just before the end of the recommended time limit within which it needs to be administered because of the immediate effect of idarucizumab.
Conclusions: The Strat-AF study may be an essential step towards the exploration of the role of a combined clinical biomarker or multiple biomarker models in predicting stroke risk in AF, and might sustain the incorporation of such new markers in the existing stroke prediction schemes by the demonstration of a greater incremental value in predicting stroke risk and improvement in clinical outcomes in a cost-effective fashion. PMID: 31548494 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to previously known AF, newly detected AF persistent>24 h was associated with cortex-involved ischemic stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02156765, https://clinicaltrials.gov. PMID: 31403970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Background: Detection and treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major goal in preventing secondary stroke. Insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) are available for diagnosis of arrhythmia monitoring in patients with cryptogenic stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based diagnostic evaluation for acute ischemic stroke subtype classification is common in Japan and can be useful for specific diagnosis of cryptogenic stroke. Purpose: We aimed to investigate the detection rate of AF with an ICM in patients with cryptogenic stroke who were diagnosed by MRI.
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...