STEAP2 is down-regulated in breast cancer tissue and suppresses PI3K/AKT signaling and breast cancer cell invasion in vitro and in vivo.

This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value and the function of STEAP2 in breast cancer. STEAP2 mRNA and protein expressions in breast normal and cancer tissues, breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, BT-549, BT-474, MDA-MB-361, HCC1937, and MDA-MB-468) and normal mammary epithelial cell lines (HBL-100 and MCF-10A) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, real time RT-qPCR and western blotting. The expression of STEAP2 in breast cancer tissues and its value of evaluating the prognosis of breast cancer patients was validated in the Public Databases (Oncomine and Kaplan-Meier plotter database). Lentiviral vectors with STEAP2 cDNA and shRNA were constructed and used to infect breast cancer cell lines and normal mammary epithelial cell line to investigate the effects of STEAP2 up- and down- regulation on the biological behavior of breast cells. The low expression of STEAP2 was detected in breast cancer tissues, which was associated with malignant phenotype and poor prognosis of breast cancer. The public databases analyses were consistent with our findings. STEAP2 up-regulation hindered cellular proliferation, invasion and metastasis abilities by inhibiting EMT process and suppressing PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. On the other hand, STEAP2 down-regulation could promote cell proliferation and invasion by inducing EMT and activating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Collectively, STEAP2 acted as an anti-oncogene in breast cancer development, which suggested a new research ob...
Source: Cancer Biology and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Biol Ther Source Type: research

Related Links:

RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
This article summarizes the associations between miR-429 and malignant tumors as well as potential action mechanisms. miR-429 has a potential to be used in the future as a biomarker for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of certain cancers. PMID: 31884798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study revealed, for the first time, that aberrant methylation maybe involved in expression control of CD146, a very potent EMT inducer in breast cancer cells. Altogether, the data obtained may provide the basis for novel therapies as well as diagnostic approaches enabling sensitive and very accurate detection of breast cancer cells. PMID: 31826047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Biochim Pol - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Acta Biochim Pol Source Type: research
Authors: Guo Q, Lv S, Wang B, Li Y, Cha N, Zhao R, Bao W, Jia B Abstract Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in the development and progression of various types of human cancer. However, the expression and function of the lncRNA prostate cancer-associated non-coding RNA 1 (PRNCR1) in breast cancer remains unclear. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was performed to measure the levels of mRNA expression. Cell counting kit-8, flow cytometry, wound healing and Transwell assays were also performed to study cell proliferation, cell cycle, migration and invasion, respectively. The results of the prese...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
We present a unique case of OMS related to a stage IIIC high grade serous ovarian carcinoma in a patient with germline BRCA2 mutation, with ten years of clinical follow up. This case report is presented to document the rare association of OMS with epithelial ovarian cancer. Additionally, in this case, OMS and epithelial cancer were successfully treated with medical therapy alone. This is the first report to our knowledge to document ten years of clinical follow up in this context, and to report that the association may not be evident at the time of ovarian cancer recurrence.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In this study, we report a novel 3D printed microfluidic device functionalized with anti-EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) antibodies to isolate CTCs from human blood samples. A 3D printing technology was utilized with specially designed interior structures to fabricate a microfluidic device with high surface area and fluid flow manipulation, increasing the capture efficiency of tumor cells. These devices with the optimal flow rate (1 mL/h) and channel length (2 cm) were demonstrated to test three kinds of EpCAM positive cancer cell lines (MCF-7 breast cancer, SW480 colon cancer, and PC3 prostate cancer), and o...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, we report a novel 3D printed microfluidic device functionalized with anti-EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) antibodies to isolate CTCs from human blood samples. A 3D printing technology was utilized with specially designed interior structures to fabricate a microfluidic device with high surface area and fluid flow manipulation, increasing capture efficiency of tumor cells. These devices with the optimal flow rate (1 mL/h) and channel length (2 cm) were demonstrated to test three kinds of EpCAM positive cancer cell lines (MCF-7 breast cancer, SW480 colon cancer, and PC3 prostate cancer), and...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Biosens Bioelectron Source Type: research
Al-Dayel F, Al-Kuraya KS Abstract Sanger Sequencing and immunohistochemistry was employed to investigate the TERT promoter mutations and TERT protein expression with their association to clinicopathological characteristics in over 2200 samples of Middle Eastern origin from 13 different types of cancers. The TERT promoter mutations were most frequently present in bladder cancer (68.6%), followed by central nervous system tumors (28.7%), thyroid cancer (15.4%), prostate cancer (9.3%), endometrial carcinoma (3.7%), rhabdomyosarcoma (1.4%), colorectal cancer (1%), epithelial ovarian carcinoma (0.7%) and breast cancer ...
Source: Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Genomics Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show how oncogenic and tumor-suppressive drivers of cellular senescence act to regulate surveillance processes that can be circumvented to enable SnCs to elude immune recognition but can be reversed by cell surface-targeted interventions to purge the SnCs that persist in vitro and in patients. Since eliminating SnCs can prevent tumor progression, delay the onset of degenerative diseases, and restore fitness; since NKG2D-Ls are not widely expressed in healthy human tissues and NKG2D-L shedding is an evasion mechanism also employed by tumor cells; and since increasing numbers of B cells express NKG2D ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study would suggest that Res and its combination with AR and CXCR4 antagonists can be used in order to suppress the metastatic behaviors of prostate cancer.
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
More News: Biology | Breast Cancer | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Databases & Libraries | Epithelial Cancer | Prostate Cancer | Study