The current prevalence and diversity of cystic echinococcosis in slaughtered animals in Egypt

AbstractCystic echinococcosis is a potential zoonotic helminthic disease affect a broad spectrum of mammals including humans worldwide. The economic impact of the disease interestingly requires updated gathering information on the prevalence in slaughtered animals. Accordingly, in the current study, 573 camels, 4300 sheep, and 1235 pigs were surveyed in four Egyptian municipal abattoirs. Among those, 62 (10.82%) camels, 33 (0.77%) sheep and 3 (0.24%) pigs had cystic echinococcosis in lungs, livers and spleen. The diversity of cysts revealed that positive-cystic echinococcosis animals from all species were detected in El-Basatin abattoir. In El-Monieb abattoir, sheep only were infected. In El-Waraa and Beni-Suef abattoirs, cysts were seen in camels only. Infected animals included both sexes. In camels, lungs were the most affected organs, while in sheep, livers were the most abundant. In pigs, hydatid cysts were detected only in lungs. Moreover, camel cysts were mostly large-sized (diameter  >  10 cm) with smaller cysts are also recorded. In sheep, small-, moderately- and large-sized cysts were equally present. Cysts in pigs were large-sized. Camels showed a higher percentage of fertile cysts (46.77%; 29/62) followed by sheep (21.21%; 7/33). Calcified/degenerated cysts were less in cam els (38.71%; 24/62) than in sheep (75.76%). Non-viable cysts were the less frequent in both species (14.52% in camels and 3.03% in sheep). All cysts recovered from pigs wer...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

Related Links:

lli A Abstract The zoonotic tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) represents a species complex encompassing multiple causative agents of cystic echinococcosis, a neglected tropical disease affecting more than one million people in the world. At least eight genotypes, grouped in five species, are currently recognized within this species complex, and they differ in terms of relative public health impact. Here we present a molecular method that first identifies the common E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) (genotypes G1 and G3) based on a PCR-RFLP assay, and can further identify the remaining species bas...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
This study aims to assess the level of knowledge about zoonoses, specifically echinococcosis and toxocariasis, among cat/dog owners and non-pet owners in Greece. Multiple-choice questionnaires were designed to obtain data regarding the knowledge of pet and non-pet owners on echinococcosis and toxocariasis, including signs and symptoms of these zoonoses, ways of transmission and precautions that need to be taken into account in order to avoid it. A total of 185 questionnaires were retrieved and data was expressed as absolute (Ν) and relative frequencies (%). Associations between pet ownership, residence and outcome v...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, for the first time, we identified the ncRNAs profiles in PSC–ELVs and HF–ELVs that might be involved in host immunity and pathogenesis, and enriched the ncRNAs data of E. granulosus. These results provided valuable resources for further analysis of the regulatory potential of ncRNAs, especially miRNAs, in both types of ELVs at the parasite–host interface.
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Echinococcosis and fasciolosis were very common with one out of five animals slaughtered infected. This is of public health concern and needs urgent multi-sectorial efforts from stakeholders at the national and regional level for control of these diseases. One health program approaches may warrant the control of transmission to humans.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis larval tapeworm infections in humans that severely impairs the health of affected patients in the northern hemisp...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this research is the first experimental cerebral hydatidosis arisen from larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus in the animal model. PMID: 32489381 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
Renal echinococcosis is a rare parasite-caused disease of humans and animals; it makes up about 4% of confirmed cases of cystic echinococcosis. It is a zoonotic disease that occurs in the intermediate hosts harboring the larval stage, the hydatid cyst, ofEchinococcus spp. The renal involvement is often asymptomatic or with unspecific signs. Its diagnosis is mostly based on imaging technique. Immunodiagnostic tests are not applicable. Furthermore, because the disease is not common, our knowledge about its different aspects is scarce. In this review, the parasite, host immune response, diagnosis, and management of renal echi...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, it appears that E. granulosus s.s. and E. canadensis (G6/7) are circulating in the northwestern region of Pakistan. Further molecular epidemiological studies are needed to explore the local genetic diversity of the parasite. PMID: 32473988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
In this study we provide molecular data from a total of 72 parasite isolates derived from humans (52 AE and 20 CE patients) and 43 samples from dogs (23 infected withE.multilocularis and 20 withE.granulosus s.l.).Genetic variability inE.multilocularis was studied using the concatenated complete sequences of thecob,nad2 andcox1 mitochondrial genes adding a total of 3,558bp per isolate. Thecob/nad2/cox1 A2 haplotype was identified in 63.4% of the human and in 65.2% of the dog samples. This haplotype was originally described in samples from Kazakhstan and St. Lawrence Island (Alaska, USA). We also describe here 16 non-previou...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonotic parasitic disease caused echinococcus parasitizes, poseing a significant economic burden on both humans and animals. There are limited studies on echinococcosis in China,...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
More News: Echinococcosis | Egypt Health | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Study | Veterinary Research | Zoonoses