CNT-based nanocarrier loaded with pyrimethamine for adipose mesenchymal stem cells differentiation and cancer treatment: The computational and experimental methods

Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Journal of BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Fahimeh Mollania, Nasser L. Hadipour, Nasrin MollaniaAbstractPyrimethamine is an effective drug in the cancer cell treatment and is a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. In this work, the amount of drug loading up on CNT and its cytotoxicity effect upon MCF-7 cell lines was surveyed. The novel applications of some drugs and nanocarriers can induce the differentiation of adipose mesenchymal cells into nerve cells. Hence carbon nanotube-pyrimethamine was used to differentiate mesenchymal stem cells into the neural category, for the first time. The results of NSE and NFM gene expression level were evaluated using the real-time PCR. A detailed study on the interaction between pyrimethamine anticancer drug and (6, 0) zigzag single-walled carbon nanotube was performed by DFT/B3LYP and DFT/M06-2X with 6-31G* basis set calculations in gas phase and in solvent using the PCM. Different configurations of the adsorbed pyrimethamine onto the CNT surface were studied. Based on the results, the process of pyrimethamine adsorption on different sites on the outer wall of the nanotube was exothermic and configurations were stable. The adsorption energy values indicated that the pyrimethamine molecule could be physically adsorbed on the external surface of the SWCNT. The QTAIM was used for characterizing the nature of the interactions between the pyrimethamine and the selected nanocarrier.
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Yinglu Guan, Guan Wang, Danielle Fails, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Yejing GeAbstractCancer hijacks embryonic development and adult wound repair mechanisms to fuel malignancy. Cancer frequently originates from de-regulated adult stem cells or progenitors, which are otherwise essential units for postnatal tissue remodeling and repair. Cancer genomics studies have revealed convergence of multiple cancers across organ sites, including squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), a common group of cancers arising from the head and neck, esopha...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Kume K, Nishizuka SS Abstract Understanding cellular heterogeneity is a challenge for cell biology, particularly in the fields of stem cell and cancer biology. We recently established a reverse phase protein array (RPPA)-modified method, colony lysate array (CoLA), which enables proteomic profiling of individual subpopulations (i.e., colonies) derived from various cell proliferative conditions. Here we describe two independent CoLA assays for a functional subpopulation, drug-tolerant persisters (DTPs), which are considered to mimic the origin of chemotherapeutic cancer relapse. In the first study, we analy...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Rui Yan, JianJian Li, Ying Zhou, Li Yao, Ruya Sun, Ying Xu, Yang Ge, Guangyu AnAbstractImmunotherapy is one of the most promising strategies for cancer, compared with traditional treatments. As one of the key emerging immunotherapies, anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment has brought survival benefits to many advanced cancer patients. However, in pancreatic cancer, immunotherapy-based approaches have not achieved a favorable clinical effect because of mismatch repair deficiencies. Therefore, the majority of pancreatic tumors are regarded as immune-quies...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Contributors : Ariadna Giro-Perafita ; Alireza Khodadadi-Jamayran ; Aristotelis Tsirigos ; Irma Sanchez ; Francisco J EstevaSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensLong non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in the regulation of breast cancer initiation and progression. LncRNAs are differentially expressed in breast cancer subtypes. Basal-like breast cancers are generally poorly differentiated tumors, are enriched in embryonic stem cell signatures, lack expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER2 (triple negative breast cancer, TNBC), and show activation...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Every organ in the body is capable, to some extent, of repairing itself after an injury. As part of this process, scar tissue forms and then recedes to make room for normal tissue when healing is complete.However, when healing is disrupted — whether by chronic injury or disease — the cells that make up scar tissue can go rogue, continuously dividing and spreading until the scar eventually strangles the organ it was intended to help heal, which can lead to organ failure.That progressive, out-of-control scarring is called fibrosis, and it can occur in any organ in the body. Fibrosis plays a major role in many dis...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe data presented here further support a role of TF in BC tumor biology. Whether anti-TF directed treatment approaches may gain clinical relevance in those cases determined as triple negative or TA-MUC1 positive remains to be determined.
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The author, Domenico Galetta, wishes to update his 2nd affiliation to: Division of Thoracic Surgery, European Institute of Oncology, IRCCS, Milan Italy.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
SOX2 is a binding partner and substrate of EGFR. EGFR activation induces SOX2 phosphorylation at Y277 site and reduces its ubiquitination, which inhibit its associated with p62 and subsequent autophagic degradation. Gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, decreases SOX2 expression via promoting its autophagic degradation. AbstractEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is highly expressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and correlates with poor prognosis. EGFR has been demonstrated to be associated with cancer stem cell traits in HNSCC. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is far from elucidat...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Cell reprogramming concepts have been classically developed in the fields of developmental and stem cell biology and are currently being explored for regenerative medicine, given its potential to generate desired cell types for replacement therapy. Cell fate can be experimentally reversed or modified by enforced expression of lineage specific transcription factors leading to pluripotency or attainment of another somatic cell type identity. The possibility to reprogram fibroblasts into induced dendritic cells (DC) competent for antigen presentation creates a paradigm shift for understanding and modulating the immune system ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The anti-leukemia activity of NK cells helps prevent relapse during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in leukemia patients. However, the factors that determine the sensitivity or resistance of leukemia cells in the context of NK-mediated cytotoxicity are not well-established. Here, we performed a genome-wide CRISPR screen in the human chronic-myelogenous-leukemia (CML) cell line K562 to identify genes that regulate the vulnerability of leukemia cells to killing by primary human NK cells. The distribution of guide RNAs (gRNAs) in K562 cells that survived co-incubation with NK cells showed that loss of NCR3LG1, ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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