Distinct origins and molecular mechanisms contribute to lymphatic formation during cardiac growth and regeneration

In recent years there has been increasing interest in the role of lymphatics in organ repair and regeneration, due to their importance in immune surveillance and fluid homeostasis. Experimental approaches aimed at boosting lymphangiogenesis following myocardial infarction in mice, were shown to promote healing of the heart. Yet, the mechanisms governing cardiac lymphatic growth remain unclear. Here we identify two distinct lymphatic populations in the hearts of zebrafish and mouse, one that forms through sprouting lymphangiogenesis, and the other by coalescence of isolated lymphatic cells. By tracing the development of each subset, we reveal diverse cellular origins and differential response to signaling cues. Finally, we show that lymphatic vessels are required for cardiac regeneration in zebrafish as mutants lacking lymphatics display severely impaired regeneration capabilities. Overall, our results provide novel insight into the mechanisms underlying lymphatic formation during development and regeneration, opening new avenues for interventions targeting specific lymphatic populations.
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Developmental Biology Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the thermosensitive hydrogel of CS/1.0 DEX/β-GP loaded UCMSCs was a promising candidate as cell delivery vehicle for cardiac repair to reconstitute damaged myocardium.
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
As this article notes, researchers have recently suggested that the benefits to heart function observed over many years of stem cell therapies are not in fact due to any action of the cells themselves, not even cell signaling mechanisms such as release of exosomes, but are rather due to an immune response to the transplanted cells. The study reported here illustrates the point by showing some degree of regeneration of injured heart tissue to take place in mice when the debris of dead cells is transplanted. We might compare these findings with the body of work showing that delivery of exosomes can spur cardiac regeneration;...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: IL-10 deficiency/inflammation alters EPC derived exosome function, content and therapeutic effect on myocardial repair by upregulating ILK enrichment in exosomes and ILK-mediated activation of NFĸB pathway in recipient cells while ILK knockdown in exosomes attenuates NFĸB activation and reduces inflammatory response. Our study provides new understanding of how inflammation may alters stem cell-exosome mediated cardiac repair and identifies ILK as a target kinase for improving progenitor cell exosome-based cardiac therapies. PMID: 31815595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Contributor : Ashley J WaardenbergSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusThe interstitial and perivascular spaces of the heart contain stem-like cells including cardiac colony forming units - fibroblast (cCFU-F), a sub-fraction of SCA1+PDGFR-alpha +CD31- (S+P+) immature stromal cells with the qualities of mesenchymal stem cells, that we have characterized previously.Here we explore the role of platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR-alpha in cCFU-F and S+P+ cell niche regulation in homeostasis and repair. PDGFR-alpha signaling modulated quiescence, metabolic state, mitogenic propensity and...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
Contributor : Ashley J WaardenbergSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusThe interstitial and perivascular spaces of the heart contain stem-like cells including cardiac colony forming units - fibroblast (cCFU-F), a sub-fraction of SCA1+PDGFR-alpha +CD31- (S+P+) immature stromal cells with the qualities of mesenchymal stem cells, that we have characterized previously.Here we explore the role of platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR-alpha in cCFU-F and S+P+ cell niche regulation in homeostasis and repair. PDGFR-alpha signaling modulated quiescence, metabolic state, mitogenic propensity and...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
In conclusion, the thermosensitive hydrogel of CS/1.0 DEX/β-GP loaded UCMSCs was a promising candidate as cell delivery vehicle for cardiac repair to reconstitute damaged myocardium.
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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