Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1759: The Diagnostic Efficiency of Ultrasound Computer –Aided Diagnosis in Differentiating Thyroid Nodules: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1759: The Diagnostic Efficiency of Ultrasound Computer–Aided Diagnosis in Differentiating Thyroid Nodules: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11111759 Authors: Nonhlanhla Chambara Michael Ying Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) techniques have emerged to complement qualitative assessment in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The aim of this review was to summarize the current evidence on the diagnostic performance of various ultrasound CAD in characterizing thyroid nodules. PUBMED, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for studies published until August 2019. The Quality Assessment of Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy included in Systematic Review 2 (QUADAS-2) tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. Reported diagnostic performance data were analyzed and discussed. Fourteen studies with 2232 patients and 2675 thyroid nodules met the inclusion criteria. The study quality based on QUADAS-2 assessment was moderate. At best performance, grey scale CAD had a sensitivity of 96.7% while Doppler CAD was 90%. Combined techniques of qualitative grey scale features and Doppler CAD assessment resulted in overall increased sensitivity (92%) and optimal specificity (85.1%). The experience of the CAD user, nodule size and the thyroid malignancy risk stratification system used for interpretation were the main potential factors affecting diagnostic performance outcomes. Th...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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AbstractIn patients with thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) report of suspicious for malignancy (SFM), both lobectomy and thyroidectomy might be considered. BRAF mutation analysis could guide towards accurate surgical therapy. The primary outcome was the reliability of BRAF (V600E) in detecting malignancy in nodules with FNA reading of SFM. The secondary outcome was to analyze its positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) considering the surgical histology as gold standard. A literature search of online databases was performed in June 2019. BRAF prevalence among thyroid nodules with FNA read as ...
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