MiR-15 suppressed the progression of bladder cancer by targeting BMI1 oncogene via PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: We stated that miR-15 suppressed BC cell progression by targeting BMI1 through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway, which provided a potential target for BC treatment. PMID: 31696468 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that PML may play an important role in the pathogenesis of BLCA and may be an indicator of heavy metal exposure in bladder cells. PMID: 31499585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we showed hypermethylation of CpGs as a novel mechanism of action for DNMTi agents and identified 638 hypermethylated molecular targets (CpGs) common to decitabine and azacytidine therapy. These novel results suggest that hypermethylation of CpGs should be considered when predicting the DNMTi responses and side effects in cancer patients. Introduction DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) are widely used as chemical tools for hypomethylating the genome, with an aim to understand the role of DNA methylation in multiple processes (e.g., X-chromosome inactivation and DNA imprinting) and as an anti-ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, genes that display a correlation between DNA methylation and their expression in specific tissues are responsible for significant changes in not only in developmental stages but also in adult tissues. We made this finding by using tissues that are not in developmental stages, but have developed in adults. This can either represent a change that occurs at the developmental stage, or it can be the result of epigenetic changes. This study presents a methodology that can be used by other researchers using omics data combined with different types of NGS data, and provides them with the opportunity to ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These new findings indicated that the CCL2/CCR2 axis promoted the progression of SACC cells via recruiting and reprogramming TAMs. Targeting TAMs by blocking the CCL2/CCR2 axis might be a prospective strategy for SACC therapy. Introduction Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed salivary gland malignancies, accounting for about 10% of all salivary gland neoplasms (1, 2). The typical characteristics of SACC include the recurrent growth, aggressive invasion, hematogenous metastasis, and chemotherapy refractory (2–4). Despite the great efforts paid in the treatm...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We report that the disruption of excitation-contraction coupling contributes to impaired force generation in the mouse model of Sod1 deficiency. Briefly, we found a significant reduction in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) activity as well as reduced expression of proteins involved in calcium release and force generation. Another potential factor involved in EC uncoupling in Sod1-/- mice is oxidative damage to proteins involved in the contractile response. In summary, this study provides strong support for the coupling between increased oxidative stress and disruption of cellular excitation contraction mac...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Hispolon as an inhibitor of TGF-β-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human epithelial cancer cells by co-regulation of TGF-β-Snail/Twist axis. Oncol Lett. 2017 Oct;14(4):4866-4872 Authors: Hong D, Park MJ, Jang EH, Jung B, Kim NJ, Kim JH Abstract Hispolon (HPL), isolated from Phellinus linteus, has been used to treat various types of pathology, including inflammation, gastroenteric disorders, lymphatic diseases and numerous cancer subtypes. HPL has previously been reported to demonstrate a significant therapeutic efficacy against various types of cancer cells, including melanoma, le...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Conclusions: Developmental BPA exposures heighten prostate cancer susceptibility in a complex dose- and lobe-specific manner. Importantly, elevated carcinogenic risk is found at doses that yield undetectable serum free BPA. Dose-specific epigenetic modifications of selected genes provide a mechanistic framework that may connect early-life BPA to later-life predisposition to prostate carcinogenesis. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1050 Received: 1 September 2016 Revised: 13 January 2017 Accepted: 19 January 2017 Published: 11 July 2017 Address correspondence to G.S. Prins, Dept. of Urology, University of Illinois at Chicago...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion Patients with FL have increased risk of both hematologic and solid malignancies. Risk factors for SPM include advanced age, male and radiation therapy. Teaser Follicular Lymphoma (FL) is a common low grade lymphoma with excellent long term survival in the present era. We utilized the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry to identify patients with Follicular Lymphoma from 1992-2010 and study the incidence and risk factors for the development of Second Primary Malignancies (SPM). During a median follow up of 71 months, 1540 patients (9.9%) developed SPM, with a cumulative incidence of 11% at 1...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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