Predialysis nephrology care and its impact on initial vascular access type in hemodialysis patients in Jordan.

In conclusion, our study suggests that a large percentage did not have nephrology care before initiating dialysis. The ones who were seen by nephrology before dialysis were significantly more likely to initiate dialysis using an AVF. A national focus on improving nephrology referral in advanced CKD may allow better utilization of AVF as the method of access at dialysis initiation. PMID: 31696849 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jennifer M.V. Talbott, Jordan S. Dutcher, Charlotte A. Pougnier, Samantha L. Calvin, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, Juliana M. KlingEducational councils and medical societies recommend that medical students learn to recognize and care for victims of sex trafficking. Previous research has found that healthcare providers are one of the few professionals to interact with sex trafficking victims during exploitation. This review evaluates currently published curricular and extracurricular U.S. medical education resources.A liter...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Silvia De Rosa, Gianlorenzo Golino, Claudio RoncoAbstractStatus asthmaticus is a life-threatening disorder that can manifest in dangerous levels of hypercapnia and acidosis. The use of extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) has been used successfully to control pH and PaCO2 in patients with acute severe asthma. The present report describes the use of this technology in near-fatal asthma with brain death, and awaiting organ harvest.The ProLUNG® system consists of a veno-venous hemoperfusion circuit with an artif...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 2020Source: European Journal of Radiology Open, Volume 7Author(s): Hiroki Kamada, Hideki Ota, Yosuke Terui, Koichiro Sugimura, Shigefumi Fukui, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Kei TakaseAbstractPulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a specific type of tumor embolism in the small and medium pulmonary arteries, leading to rapid progressive pulmonary hypertension. Antemortem diagnosis of PTTM is extremely difficult. We encountered three patients who were histopathologically or clinically diagnosed with PTTM. In all cases, lung perfused blood volume (PBV) images on dual-energy computed tomography (CT) demons...
Source: European Journal of Radiology Open - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the current study shed light on the potential neuroprotective role of metformin and trimetazidine in the amelioration of cognitive function via hindering inflammatory processes in diabetic epileptic rats.Graphical abstractDiagram illustrating alterations in the hippocampus induced in diabetic epileptic rats. DAP, death-associated protein; ATP/ADP, ratio of adenosine triphosphate and adenosine diphosphate; mTOR, mammalian target of rapamycin; Casp-3, caspase-3; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α; IL-1β, interleukin-1β; NF-κB, nuclear factor-κB; IGF-1, insulin growth factor 1.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Yajing Ma, Sufang Liu, Hui Shu, Joshua Crawford, Ying Xing, Feng TaoAbstractPatients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) often experience persistent facial pain. However, the treatment of TMD pain is still inadequate. In recent years, the disturbance of gut microbiota has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of different neurological diseases including chronic pain. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of gut microbiota in the development of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammation. I...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Journal of Biomedical InformaticsAuthor(s): Akhilesh Kumar Bajpai, Sravanthi Davuluri, Kriti Tiwary, Sithalechumi Narayanan, Sailaja Oguru, Kavyashree Basavaraju, Deena Dayalan, Kavitha Thirumurugan, Kshitish K. AcharyaAbstractIn absence of periodic systematic comparisons, biologists/bioinformaticians may be forced to make a subjective selection among the many protein-protein interaction (PPI) databases and tools. We conducted a comprehensive compilation and comparison of such resources. We compiled 375 PPI resources, short-listed 125 important ones (both lists are ...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Journal of Biomedical InformaticsAuthor(s): Sisi Ma, Pamela J. Schreiner, Elizabeth R. Seaquist, Mehmet Ugurbil, Rachel Zmora, Lisa S. ChowAbstractThe presence of missing data at the time of prediction limits the application of risk models in clinical and research settings. Common ways of handling missing data at the time of prediction include measuring the missing value and employing statistical methods. Measuring missing value incurs additional cost, whereas previously reported statistical methods results in reduced performance compared to when all variables are m...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effect of serum endotoxin on CD4 T cell inflammation. Age and sex-matched non-obese healthy subjects, subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) but not steatohepatitis, and NASH patients were recruited for this study. The latter two groups were additionally matched in BMI and diabetes status. We first showed that compared to healthy subjects and NAFL patients, NASH patients presented significantly higher levels of serum endotoxin. Concurrently, NASH patients presented a Th17 bias that was associated with high endotoxin levels. To examine whether endotoxin could directly mediate IL-17...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Antonio Ramos-Martínez, Rocío Martínez Ruiz, Elena Múñez Rubio, Angela Valencia Alijo, Carlos Ferre Aracil, Maria Isabel Vera Mendoza
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Jill M Norris, Randi K Johnson, Lars C SteneSummaryType 1 diabetes is a chronic, immune-mediated disease characterised by the destruction of insulin-producing cells. Standardised registry data show that type 1 diabetes incidence has increased 3–4% over the past three decades, supporting the role of environmental factors. Although several factors have been associated with type 1 diabetes, none of the associations are of a magnitude that could explain the rapid increase in incidence alone. Moreover, evidence of ch...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
More News: Central Venous Catheterization | Chronic Kidney Disease | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Hemodialysis | Hypertension | Jordan Health | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Middle East Health | Polycystic Kidney Disease | Saudi Arabia Health | Study | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology