Evidence from 40 Studies that 2 Common Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of RNASEL Gene Affect Prostate Cancer Susceptibility: A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)-Compliant Meta-Analysis.

CONCLUSIONS We report the effect of rs627928 on the development of prostate cancer and confirm that rs486907 is not involved in the risk of prostate cancer in the current meta-analysis. However, research in larger populations is needed to validate our conclusions. PMID: 31686670 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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AbstractTherapeutic intervention for prostate cancer mostly relies on eliminating circulating androgen or antagonizing its effect at the cellular level. As the use of endocrine therapies grows, an under-reported incidence of cardiovascular toxicities occurs in prostate cancer patients. In this review, we summarize data of clinical studies, investigating the cardiovascular and metabolic alterations associated with the use of old and new endocrine drugs (gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH] agonists and antagonists, androgen receptor inhibitors, 17 α-hydroxylase/c-17,20-lyase [CYP17] inhibitor) in prostate cancer. To ...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Tinghui Yin, Kun Wang, Chen Qiu, Xinling Zhang, Huichao Zhou, Yujia You, Jie Ren, Ren Mao, Biying Yang, Xiaoyan Miao, Jie Tian, Rongqin Zheng
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
This study presented a preliminary evaluation of 211At-labeled BBN derivative. Several nonradioactive iodine-introduced BBN derivatives (IB-BBNs) with different linkers were synthesized and their binding affinities measured. Because IB-3 exhibited a comparable affinity to native BBN, [211At]AB-3 was synthesized and the radiochemical yields of [211At]AB-3 was 28.2 ± 2.4%, with a radiochemical purity of>90%. The stability studies and cell internalization/externalization experiments were performed. [211At]AB-3 was taken up by cells and internalized; however, radioactivity effluxed from cells over time....
Source: Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Authors: Miranti CK, Moore S, Kim Y, Chappeta VR, Wu K, De B, Gokhale V, Hurley LH, Reyes-Reyes EM Abstract The androgen receptor (AR) is a major driver of prostate cancer development and progression. Men who develop advanced prostate cancer often have long-term cancer control when treated with androgen-deprivation therapies (ADT). Still, their disease inevitably becomes resistant to ADT and progresses to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). ADT involves potent competitive AR antagonists and androgen synthesis inhibitors. Resistance to these types of treatments emerges, primarily through the maintenance of ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
The superiority of bariatric surgery over best medical therapy (BMT) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been well demonstrated in high-quality randomized clinical trials. Furthermore, there is sufficient clinical and mechanistic evidence to support consideration of metabolic surgery for the patients with class 1 obesity (body mass index [BMI], 30.0-34.9; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared), type 2 diabetes, and inadequately controlled hyperglycemia. At 5-year follow-up, compared with BMT, the Systemic Therapy in Advancing or Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy (ST...
Source: JAMA Surgery - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThese findings confirmed the complementary information provided by GC –MS and1H NMR, enabling a more comprehensive picture of the altered metabolites, underlying pathways and deepening the understanding of PCa development and progression.
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research
eriaudeau In this paper, we present an evaluation of four encoder–decoder CNNs in the segmentation of the prostate gland in T2W magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image. The four selected CNNs are FCN, SegNet, U-Net, and DeepLabV3+, which was originally proposed for the segmentation of road scene, biomedical, and natural images. Segmentation of prostate in T2W MRI images is an important step in the automatic diagnosis of prostate cancer to enable better lesion detection and staging of prostate cancer. Therefore, many research efforts have been conducted to improve the segmentation of the prostate gland in MRI i...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Bone is one of the preferential sites of distant metastases from malignant tumors, with the highest prevalence observed in breast and prostate cancers. Patients with bone metastases (BMs) may experience skeletal-related events, such as severe bone pain, pathological fractures, spinal cord compression, and hypercalcemia, with negative effects on the quality of life. In the last decades, a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the BM onset has been gained, leading to the development of bone-targeting agents. So far, most of the research has been focused on the pathophysiology and treatment of BM, with o...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
To determine if adenocarcinoma of the Skene's glands in women, which has a histological and immunohistochemical appearance similar to prostate cancer, can be evaluated and managed with the same tools we use for prostate cancer.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThere is an acute worsening of urinary symptoms among men receiving modern post-prostatectomy radiation. Worsening of urgency is associated with bladder dosimetry while flow, frequency, nocturia, and dysuria are not. This data can be used during treatment planning to reduce acute urinary toxicity during post-prostatectomy radiation.
Source: Journal of Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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