Association Between Head and Neck Cancers and Polymorphisms 869T/C, 509C/T, and 915G/C of the Transforming Growth Factor- β1 Gene: A Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies.

CONCLUSIONS Data from this meta-analysis showed that the 869T/C and 915G/C polymorphisms of the TGF-ß1 gene might be associated with susceptibility to head and neck cancer. PMID: 31698408 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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Opinion statementStandard-of-care treatment for the majority of patients with locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is either upfront surgery followed by adjuvant treatment as indicated by intraoperative or pathologic findings or concurrent chemoradiation reserving surgical salvage for non-responsive disease. An attempt at upfront complete resection should be pursued if feasible in patients with oral cavity or paranasal sinus primary tumors. Given multimodality treatment paradigms, patients with locoregionally advanced SCCHN should be managed in a multidisciplinary setting. Modern rad...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our research illustrates that PSH inhibits the migration and invasion of human NPC cells. After exposure to PSH on NPC, the expression of MMP-2 is downregulated and EMT is suppressed through MAPK signaling pathways. These observations suggest that PSH could be a potential anti-metastatic agent for patients with NPC.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractHead and neck cancers, including those of the lip and oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oropharynx, larynx and nasopharynx represent nearly 700,000 new cases and 380,000 deaths worldwide per annum, and account for over 10,000 annual deaths in the United States alone. Improvement in outcomes are needed for patients with recurrent and or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted the first immunotherapeutic approvals – the anti-PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and pembrolizumab – for the treatment of pa...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In OSCC, very low preoperative NLR values have a negative prognostic impact on survival and recurrence, similarly to high ratios. ENE and perineural spread are the most important clinical-pathologic prognosticators. Introduction Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for more than 95% of oral tumors and is the eighth most frequent cancer worldwide, with an estimated incidence of 640,000 new cases per year (1). Survival of OSCC has slightly improved over the last 30 years, probably as a consequence of multimodal treatment spreading. However, intensified therapeutic regimens can result in signific...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: 3D-HDR-BT achieves favorable clinical outcomes with mild late toxicity in patients with locally rNPC. Introduction Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a tumor of epithelial origin, is a malignant disease of the head and neck common in southern China, especially in Guangdong province (1). As a result of advances in modern imaging and irradiation techniques, the 5-year overall survival (OS) of patients with newly diagnosed NPC without metastasis has reached 75% after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in Asia (2, 3). However, local recurrence, which occurs in 18–40% of patients, remains a major reason for...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions In the span of a very short time—less than a decade—robotic head and neck surgery has transformed the management of the head and neck cancer, and it seems clear that the future of treatment for these cancers lies in a multimodal approach in which TORS is likely to play an important role. Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind that the current indications for TORS are limited and long-term data on the safety and oncological outcomes are needed to better understand the true role of TORS in treatment of head and neck cancer. Nonetheless, the emergence of ever more advanced robotic instruments i...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor and DDX5 Promote Carcinogenesis and Progression of Endometrial Cancer by Activating β-Catenin Chunhua Liu1†, Lijing Wang1†, Qingping Jiang2†, Junyi Zhang3†, Litong Zhu1, Li Lin1, Huiping Jiang1, Dan Lin1, Yanyi Xiao1, Weiyi Fang1,3 and Suiqun Guo1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Pathology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guang...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In radiotherapy of advanced NPC, generally a considerable amount of normal head and neck tissues might have to be irradiated in addition to gross tumor volume, involved node, and elective neck irradiation. Together with chemoradiotherapy, poor oral hygiene and inadequate nutritional support result in excessive morbidity. Despite loco-regional success of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, distant metastasis is still the major pattern of treatment failure in the intensity modulated radiotherapy era. We need to improve our adjuvant chemotherapy regimens or develop new drugs. PMID: 30862133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2019Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Yanni, D. Dequanter, J.R. Lechien, I. Loeb, A. Rodriguez, R. Javadian, M. Van GossumAbstractIntroductionHead and neck cancer (HNC) patients often experience malnutrition before and during treatment. Prophylactic gastrostomy has emerged as an efficient tool for ensuring adequate nutrition. However, there is no suitable algorithm able to identify patients at high risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the nutritional management, to assess the impact of prophylactic gastrostom...
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Patients with cancers of the head and neck are more likely to have an increased prevalence of mental health disorders after their cancer is diagnosed compared with the general population, according to areport published today inJAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.There appears to be an especially strong association between mental health disorders and cancers of the trachea. Additionally, patients who received multimodal therapy —radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or surgery—have a higher risk of developing mental health disorders compared with those who receive only surgery, according to the report.“Hig...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: head and neck cancers JAMA Otolaryngology –Head & Neck Surgery mental health disorders Source Type: research
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