T. gondii inveSTING in a latent future Microbiology

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate protozoan parasite that naturally infects all mammals, where it alters the host environment to establish chronic infection. Wang and colleagues uncover a new role for the T. gondii protein GRA15 in inducing an anti-parasite response via the interferon stimulator STING. This parasite-driven host defense limits Toxoplasma replication while maintaining host survival, creating an ideal niche for the establishment of latency.
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Editors ' Picks Highlights Source Type: research

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Answer toParasite Case of the Week 568: Pseudoscorpion or false scorporion, not a human parasite.This fun little arthropod is occasionally submitted to the clinical laboratory for identification, and may be mistaken as a true scorpion. While both scorpions and pseudoscorpions are arachnids, pseudoscorpions are very small (1 cm or less in length) andlack a tail with a stinger. As sylvie g and Santiago note, pseudoscorpions can occasionally be found in the house, but they don't bite or sting humans, and instead feed on other small arthropods such as booklice.Thanks again to Old One and his son for the donation of the cool animated illustration.
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
This study was supported in part by the Projects: Redes Internacionales (REDI170651) (to AH and MI); Proyecto interno Universidad Autónoma de Chile (DIUA 134-2018) and by the Pilot Research Grant (PP-1805-30965) from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (to AH); Proyecto Genera-Autónoma N°UA 17-04 and FONDECYT de Inicio N° 11160592, CONICYT (to NE) and Proyecto Vicerrectoría de Investigación, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Puente P1802 (to CL). Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or fina...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we hope that this review brings about a new and more in-depth understanding of the part that Leishmania exosomes and various infectious agents play in the context of host-parasite interactions, with a particular focus on the establishment of infection. Future research in this field of investigations is critical for the development of new vaccine and diagnostic tools. Author Contributions The first draft was done by MO. AF and GD added new information. Funding Research in MO laboratory is supported by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (grant number: PJT-159765) and the Natural Sciences and Enginee...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract In mammals, cytosolic detection of nucleic acids is critical in initiating innate antiviral responses against invading pathogens (like bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites). These programs are mediated by multiple cytosolic and endosomal sensors and adaptor molecules (c-GAS/STING axis and TLR9/MyD88 axis, respectively) and lead to the production of type I interferons (IFNs), pro-inflammatory cytokines, and chemokines. While the identity and role of multiple pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) have been elucidated, such immune surveillance systems must be tightly regulated to limit collateral damage and...
Source: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Int Rev Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
This study showed that potential vicious cycles underlying ARDs are quite diverse and unique, triggered by diverse and unique factors that do not usually progress with age, thus casting doubts on the possibility of discovering the single molecular cause of aging and developing the single anti-aging pill. Rather, each disease appears to require an individual approach. However, it still cannot be excluded that some or all of these cycles are triggered by fundamental processes of aging, such as chronic inflammation or accumulation of senescent cells. Nevertheless, experimental data showing clear cause and effect relationships...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Wells syndrome is defined clinically as recurrent erythemaotus plaques and histologically as diffuse eosinophillic infiltrate with characteristic flame figures. This disease is thought to be a hypersensitivity reaction to certain triggers such as insect bites, drugs, malignancy, infections/infestations including parasitic infections. Toxocariasis and other parasitic infections can present with Wells syndrome clinically and histologically. Toxocara canis is a common round worm that can causes visceral or ocular larva migrans.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Climate change contributes to the increase in severity and frequency of flooding, which is the most frequent and deadly disaster worldwide. Flood‐related damage can be very severe and include health effects. Among those health impacts, dermatological diseases are one of the most frequently encountered. Both infectious and noninfectious dermatological conditions are increasing after flooding. We searched PubMed using the search term climate change OR global warming OR rainfall OR flooding OR skin. Articles published in the English‐language literature were included. We also searched the International Society of ...
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Innate immune receptors have a key role in the sensing of malaria and initiating immune responses. As a consequence of infection, systemic inflammation emerges and is directly related to signs and symptoms during acute disease. We have previously reported that plasmodial DNA is the primary driver of systemic inflammation in malaria, both within the phagolysosome and in the cytosol of effector cells. In this article, we demonstrate that Plasmodium falciparum genomic DNA delivered to the cytosol of human monocytes binds and activates cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS). Activated cGAS synthesizes 2'3'-cGAMP, whi...
Source: Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Immunol Source Type: research
Discussion Angioedema is edema that is non-pitting, self-limited occurring in non-dependent areas usually in an asymmetric distribution usually on the lips, face, hands, feet, genitals and also in the bowel. It usually develops over minutes to hours (often 1-2 hours) with resolution usually within 24-48 hours. Angioedema often occurs with urticaria but 20% of patients may have isolated angioedema. Acute allergic angioedema is often caused by drugs (including antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), foods, infections, insects, various organic substances (i.e. latex, preservatives, formaldehyde, etc.), and oth...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
We describe localized CL in a previously healthy male in an effort to help medical personnel identify leishmaniasis on the basis of cutaneous lesions alone, as well as increase diagnostic suspicion when treating patients in nonendemic areas. RESULTS: A previously healthy 30-year-old Saudi Arabian male presented to the emergency department with a 1-month history of four well-demarcated nonhealing, painless ulcers on his left ear, hand, and foot. Symptoms began shortly after arriving in the United States. He had been treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, oral clindamycin, mupirocin ointment, and vancomycin for susp...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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