Inter-sectoral work practice in Zimbabwe: professional competencies required by occupational therapists to facilitate work participation of persons with disabilities.
Conclusions: Although Zimbabwean occupational therapists require similar competencies for work practice as those required in other countries, additional competencies that fall outside traditional health care contexts are essential in order to promote contextually relevant practice. PMID: 31686563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion and significance: This study's capabilities lens could inform professions such as occupational therapy to support families of children with disabilities from culturally diverse communities to advocate for play opportunities across settings. PMID: 31703170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Different combinations of aspects facilitated and hindered whether or not participation changed. To support people with stroke in their endeavour to retain or recapture participation, social support is important to consider in relation to transportation, activities and places outside the home. PMID: 31564178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The 20 selected activities of PmP were especially relevant for children with ID in South Africa. The usefulness of the scales was higher for the children with ID in both countries. PmP is promising for assessing participation across different settings but psychometrical properties and clinical utility need further exploration. PMID: 31402722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The findings suggest that both qualitative and quantitative articles use appropriate sample sizes. However, descriptions of the studied populations are frequently unclear, which may affect the transferability and generalization of the results. Significance: In order to support practice, efforts are needed to develop research aims and questions that develop knowledge to embrace more than just basic research. PMID: 31361178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: The findings present a complex, dynamic and multifaceted understanding of the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Significance: This study demonstrates the value of exploring the experiences of actual or potential occupational therapy clients to refine the concept of human occupation. An in-depth knowledge of what people do is an essential foundation for person-centred, occupation-based practice. PMID: 31177892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Both groups generally perceived occupational balance. Control over one's life situation and possibilities for regularly participating in occupations outside the home environment should receive high priority in housing support. PMID: 31170857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the PEDI-G for research and practice in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. PMID: 31155987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study investigated the factors that are associated with community participation of people with disabilities. METHODS: A sample of 270 people with disabilities (aged range 18-55 years) recruited randomly through the "Turkish People with Disabilities Association". This study, followed a survey design, took place in 15 cities in Turkey and a city of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ), Functional Independence Measure, Measure of Quality of the Environment, Leisure Satisfaction Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Short-Form-12 were used. A stepwise multiple re...
Conclusions: Overall, patients showed good adherence to the intervention protocol despite at least moderate depression severity. However, the dropout rate suggests that depressed inpatients may need special support to adhere to a structured exercise intervention program. This study will add evidence on the effects of AE as an add-on to inpatient treatment of moderate to severe depression. Besides antidepressant effects, potentially beneficial effects of AE on a broad array of further variables associated with depression will be evaluated.Clinical Trial Registration:www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT02679053.Introductio...
Conclusions: These results demonstrate that pathophysiological changes associated with ASD are more likely related to thalamocortical hyperconnectivity than to amygdala-cortical hypoconnectivity. Future studies should examine full sets of clinical and behavioral symptoms in combination with functional connectivity to explore possible biomarkers for ASD.IntroductionAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by atypical social communication and restricted patterns of behavior, interest, or activities, both of which must be present in the early developmental period (1). Hyper- or hyporeactivity to sensory stimuli and unu...