Early serum cystatin C enhanced risk prediction for acute kidney injury post cardiac surgery: a prospective, observational, cohort study.

Conclusions: AKI following cardiac surgery was identified using KDIGO criteria in around one fourth of the patients. These patients had significantly increased morbidity and mortality. When added to prediction model, 10h sCyC may enhance the identification of patients at higher risk of AKI, providing a readily available prognostic marker. PMID: 31686541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomarkers - Category: Research Tags: Biomarkers Source Type: research

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Authors: Fukaishi T, Minami I, Masuda S, Miyachi Y, Tsujimoto K, Izumiyama H, Hashimoto K, Yoshida M, Takahashi S, Kashimada K, Morio T, Kosaki K, Maezawa Y, Yokote K, Yoshimoto T, Yamada T Abstract We herein report a case of a 28-year-old man with generalized lipodystrophy-associated progeroid syndrome treated by leptin replacement. He showed symptoms of generalized lipodystrophy around onset of puberty. His body mass index was 11.9 kg/m2, and he had a short stature, birdlike facies, dental crowding due to micrognathia, partial graying and loss of hair, and a high-pitched voice, all of which are typical features o...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
High blood pressure? There ’s an app for that. Diabetes? There’s an app for that, too. Want to quit smoking? Keep track of your exercise? Is your anxiety getting the better of you? There are apps for all of those health issues, hundreds of thousands of apps. Developers at Blue Shield of California have rolled out a ne w, enhanced Wellvolution website — Wellvolution Next — that brings together roughly 40 of the best “digital therapeutics” applications in one place where members can…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Eman Soliman, Shereen F. Behairy, Nabila N. El-maraghy, Shimaa M. ElshazlyAbstractPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) agonist, pioglitazone, is used clinically to improve the glycemic state in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Independent of its blood glucose-lowering properties, pioglitazone ameliorates different cardiovascular disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of pioglitazone on cardiovascular complications of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertensi...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Hauwa’u Yakubu Bako, Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, Muhammad Sani Isah, Sani IbrahimAbstractAimsChronic inflammation is associated with the production of high levels of proinflammatory cytokines via the JAK-STAT and NF-κB signalling pathways which are known to be inhibited by tofacitinib and aspirin respectively. High levels of these cytokines increase the synthesis of suppressors of cytokines (SOCS), which at high levels inhibit insulin signalling leading to insulin resistance. The effects of tofacitinib and aspirin on the degree of in...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Younis Ahmad Hajam, Seema RaiAbstractAimsThe present study was designed to ameliorate the integrated efficacy of exogenous melatonin and insulin on tissue biochemical, serological, histopathological architecture and receptor expression of melatonin (MT1, MT2) and insulin receptor (IR) expression against the hepatic injury in diabetic rats. Materials and Method; the rats were randomly allocated into nine different experimental groups. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (15mg/kg) for 6 days. Rats having blood glucose level above 250mg/dl w...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Objective: To assess whether changes in proteinuria are associated with the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with hypertension. Methods: The Kailuan study was a prospective longitudinal cohort study on cardiovascular risk factors and events. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox regression models. Results: A total of 24 926 hypertensive patients (mean age: 55.2 ± 10.9 years) without previous MI were included. After a mean follow-up of 6.8 years, 382 (1.5%) individuals developed MI. Participants with proteinuria at baseline had a 60% higher risk for dev...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research
The protein dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) is a target in diabetes management and reduction of associated cardiovascular risk. Inhibition of the enzymatic function and genetic deletion of DPP4 is associated with tremendous benefits to the heart, vasculature, adipose tissue, and the kidney in rodent models of obesity, diabetes and hypertension, and associated complications. The recently concluded, "Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus—Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 53" trial revealed a reduction in proteinuria in chronic kidney disease patients (stages...
Source: AJP: Renal Physiology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: PERSPECTIVE Source Type: research
Abstract There is tremendous interest in the protein dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) as a target in diabetes management and reduction of associated cardiovascular risk. The underlying reasons for this burgeoning interest are manifold. First, DPP4 inhibitor therapy in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) resulted in a reduction in proteinuria in the recently concluded "Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 53" (SAVOR-TIMI 53) trial. Second, pharmacological as well as genetic inhibition of DPP4 has proven effec...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research
AbstractCoexistence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease synergistically aggravates the risk of cardiovascular and renal morbidity and mortality. These high-risk, multi-morbid patient populations benefit less from currently available anti-hypertensive treatment. Simultaneous angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade and neprilysin inhibition ( ‘ARNI’) with valsartan/sacubitril (LCZ696) might potentiate the beneficial effects of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibition by reinforcing its endogenous counterbalance, the natriuretic peptide system. This review discusses effects obtained with ...
Source: Current Hypertension Reports - Category: Primary Care Source Type: research
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