Predictive Utility of a Machine Learning Algorithm in Estimating Mortality Risk in Cardiac Surgery

ConclusionsMachine learning algorithms such as XGBoost have promise in predictive analytics in cardiac surgery. The modest improvements in model performance demonstrated in the current study warrant further validation in larger cohorts of patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao Y, Meng S, Liu T, Dong R Abstract BACKGROUND Surgical treatment methods for patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD) who have undergone vascular reconstruction mainly include coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of the study aimed to compare a 1-year follow-up for the patient clinical outcomes and costs between PCI and CABG treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS There were 840 patients enrolled in this study from July 2015 to September 2016. Among the study participants, 420 patients underwent PCI treatment and 420 patients underwent off-pum...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
ros T, Kőszegi Z Abstract Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) plays an important role in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. During the fifty years since the first operation, a great amount of clinical observations confirm that the internal mammary artery (IMA) can be used for the bypass grafting by the most favorable outcome. IMA's histological structure and physiological properties make it resistant to atherosclerosis. In our article, we remember the first CABG operation in Hungary using IMA graft and we also confirm the favorable properties of IMA by the results of the 35-year follow-up, w...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Conclusion: A transition from an open ICU model with trainee coverage to a closed ICU model with attending intensivist coverage can be expected to yield improvements in CSICU quality and reductions in postoperative complications. PMID: 32090052 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1440: The Impact of Acute Kidney Injury in the Perioperative Period on the Incidence of Postoperative Delirium in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting—Observational Cohort Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17041440 Authors: Katarzyna Kotfis Justyna Ślozowska Mariusz Listewnik Aleksandra Szylińska Iwona Rotter Recent data indicate that acute kidney damage leads to inflammation in the brain and other distant organs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute kidney injury (AKI) accordin...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
a Nemčić The aim of this study was to examine the quality of life and to report on the utility and QALY measures in patients before and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); to investigate whether the SF-12 is comparable with the SF-36 for measuring health-related quality of life of patients with CABG; and to determine the impact of individual predictors on poor quality of life assessment after rehabilitation. This prospective study was conducted between January 2017 and December 2018 at the University Hospital Center Osijek, at three time points: pre-operation, 1 month after surgery, and after rehabilitation...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Condition:   Moderate Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation Intervention:   Procedure: Mitral valve repair Sponsor:   Assiut University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsIn patients with MI and IGT, high plasma BNP levels predicted the occurrence of coronary stenosis, recurrent MI, and worsening of HF, whereas diuretic use did not predict the progression of coronary stenosis but non-fatal MI and worsening of HF.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The aim was to use a propensity score-based analysis to determine the impact of peripheral artery disease (PAD) on early outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery grafting (CABG) in patients with PAD.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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