Guardianship in hospitals: a collaborative pilot project.

Guardianship in hospitals: a collaborative pilot project. Aust Health Rev. 2019 Nov 07;: Authors: Hoffman R, Costar S, Kostopoulos T, Little J, Livingstone A, McAlinden F, Newland P, Re J, Watterson D, Haines TP Abstract ObjectivesThis paper describes the development, implementation and preliminary results of a collaborative pilot project aimed at reducing the time hospital-based patients with cognitive impairments spend waiting for the allocation of legally appointed Advocate Guardian decision makers from the Office of the Public Advocate (OPA). The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of increased availability of public advocate guardians on guardian allocation waits, patient discharge outcomes and healthcare system demand.MethodsA multi-institutional pilot program created a dedicated hospital guardian team within OPA, funded by the health networks, to reduce the time to guardian allocation for patients within each network. A multisite, quasi-experimental historical control group design was used, with initial data collection over 12 months, followed by study of 12-month post-implementation cohorts.ResultsUnder the pilot program, the time from guardianship order lodgement to guardian allocation decreased significantly from 46.5 to 22.9 days, halving the average time hospital-based patients spend waiting for a guardian (difference -23.55 days, two-sample t(154) = -6.575, P
Source: Australian Health Review - Category: Hospital Management Authors: Tags: Aust Health Rev Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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