Four Ways the African Development Bank Can Support a More Secure Africa

An eight-month-old boy is examined by a doctor in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Credit: Kristin Palitza/IPS By Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Nov 7 2019 (IPS) Free movement of people and goods across Africa increases the risk of transmission of infectious diseases. The continent must realise that it is no longer a question of if disease outbreaks will occur, but instead, of when, and how fast. The U.S. Centres for Disease Control says that within 36 hours, a disease outbreak can spread from a remote village to major urban cities of the world. According to preventepidemics.org, a website which ranks countries’ levels of epidemic preparedness, no country in Africa is ready for the next epidemic. The African Union must act now to increase the capacity of member countries to detect, respond and manage disease outbreaks. Managing disease outbreaks is not cheap but it is cost-effective. There cannot be global health security if there are still poor underserved communities where people do not have access to healthcare or are unable to pay for the healthcare they need The current Ebola and measles outbreaks in DRC have killed 2185 and more than 3,000 respectively. In Nigeria, recent weekly epidemiological reports by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control show there are suspected cases of Lassa fever, cerebrospinal meningitis and yellow fever. In Zimbabwe, there is fear of another cholera outbreak. The 2018 cholera outbreak killed 26 people. In th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

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Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport &Health, Volume 15Author(s): Lake Sagaris, Daniel LanfrancoAbstractAn abundant literature has examined the usefulness of “safe routes to school” programs to increase active transport (mainly walking and cycling) and with it levels of physical activity, hence health. To date, these have been applied mainly in the Global North, where they are supported by national networks and government.Conditions in developing countries differ. While the obesity epidemic is rife, the sustainability trio of walk-bike-bus/Metro account for high percentages (66% or mo...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Karoun H Bagamian, John D Anderson, Farzana Muhib, Oliver Cumming, Lindsey A Laytner, Thomas F Wierzba, Richard RheingansSummaryBackgroundDiarrhoea, a global cause of child mortality and morbidity, is linked to adverse consequences including childhood stunting and death from other diseases. Few studies explore how diarrhoeal mortality varies subnationally, especially by cause, which is important for targeting investments. Even fewer examine indirect effects of diarrhoeal morbidity on child mortality. We estimated the subnational d...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): I.H. Solheim, K.M. Moland, C. Kahabuka, A.B. Pembe, A. BlystadAbstractMisoprostol has during the past few years become an important obstetric drug used for different purposes both within and outside the health system in Tanzania. In this paper, we analyze how misoprostol is perceived, accessed and used off-label as an abortion drug in the city and region of Dar es Salaam. The study took place in Dar es Salaam's three districts from July to November 2015, and had a qualitative explorative approach. We carried out in-depth inter...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Maniero VC, Rangel PSC, Coelho LMC, Silva CSB, Aguiar RS, Lamas CC, Cardozo SV Abstract A progressive increase in the circulation of arboviruses in tropical countries has been observed, accounting for 700,000 yearly deaths in the world. The main objective of this article was to identify the presence of Zika (ZIKV), dengue (DENV), and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses in immature stages of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. Household collections of immature phases of the vectors were carried out in the years 2015 and 2016. A total of 2902 dwellings were visited and the rate of infestation with larvae and pupae of ...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - Category: Research Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
Tobacco use in the U.S. is changing, according to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The number of American adults who smoke fell to a new low in 2018, while e-cigarette use continued to climb. About a fifth of American adults used some type of tobacco product in 2018, according to the data. Cigarettes were the most popular, used by 13.7% of adults. That’s a small decrease from 14% the year before, and another record low for the U.S., which has seen a two-thirds decline in smoking since 1965. Meanwhile, e-cigarette use rose from 2.8% of U.S. adults in 2017 to 3.2% in 2018. Use of...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized embargoed study public health Source Type: news
Ann Kihii (25) spends time with other young women from poor communities in Nairobi and use embroidery to create images that tell a story about the daily challenges they face. They also get a chance to discuss the issues among themselves in a safe space. Credit: Mantoe Phakathi / IPSBy Mantoe PhakathiNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 14 2019 (IPS) While women find it hard to talk about their painful experiences, some have found a way of expressing themselves through art. Women, trained as artists, from Nairobi’s informal settlements Kibera and Kangemi, have produced a beautiful quilt that tells stories about their daily challenges....
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Arts Conferences Education Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Women's Health ICPD25 Source Type: news
DiscussionDependent on animal model, both histopathological and biochemical end-points differed between sampling sites in the liver. Based on these findings, we recommend that sample site location is highly standardized and properly reported in order to minimize potential sampling variation and to optimize reproducibility and meaningful comparisons of preclinical studies of NAFLD.
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Religious support from friends and believing religious beliefs are essential in life appeared to be protective factors against MDE among non-users. Further research is needed to explore protective factors that can effectively address the association between opioid misuse and mental health and be incorporated into health interventions targeting the opioid epidemic. PMID: 31718382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
The plague is still around, but chances of another global outbreak are slim.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
All children attending preschool or higher in the country must be immunized, with fines for parents who do not comply, under a law that is to take effect next spring.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Germany Measles Vaccination and Immunization Politics and Government Epidemics Children and Childhood Source Type: news
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