Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Lupus Nephritis Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis: A Matched, Case-Control Study.

In conclusion, LN patients undergoing PD had poor patient survival and technique survival, and higher hospitalization and infection rates. PMID: 31690702 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research

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Authors: Ye X, Zhou XJ, Zhang H Abstract Autophagy is an important biology process, central to the maintenance of biology process in both physiological and pathological situations. It is regarded as a "double-edged sword"-exerting both protective and/or detrimental effects. These two-way effects are observed in immune cells as well as renal resident cells, including podocytes, mesangial cells, tubular epithelial cells, and endothelial cells of the glomerular capillaries. Mounting evidence suggests that autophagy is implicated in the pathological process of various immune-related renal diseases (IRRDs) as ...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the production of autoantibodies, which causes multi-organ injury such as lupus nephritis. SLE is associated with hypercoagulability. Activated coagulation factors such as tissue factor and VIIa complex and factor Xa activate protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). PAR2 promotes cytokine production through mitogen-activated protein kinase or nuclear factor kappa B signaling, and previous reports demonstrated that inhibition of PAR2 alleviated kidney injuries such as diabetic kidney disease and renal fibrosis in animal models. However, the involvement of...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Autoimmune diseases can be chronic with relapse of inflammatory symptoms, but it can be also acute and life-threatening if immune cells destroy life-supporting organs, such as lupus nephritis. The etiopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases has been revealed as that genetics and environmental factors-mediated dysregulated immune responses contribute to the initiation and development of autoimmune disorders. However, the current understanding of pathogenesis is limited and the underlying mechanism has not been well defined, which lows the development of novel biomarkers and new therapeutic strategies for autoimmune diseases. To...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, primary glomerular diseases were the predominant biopsy-proven kidney diseases, and FSGS and MN were the most common glomerular diseases. This pattern in South Punjab closely resembles that in southern and northern parts of the country. PMID: 31696854 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Authors: Chen L, Luodelete M, Dong C, Li B, Zhang W, Nie P, Liu J, Chen X, Luo P Abstract Background: To investigate the pathological spectrum of glomerular disease in patients with renal insufficiency (RI) from 2008 to 2017. Methods and results: We calculated the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration creatinine (CKD-EPI) equation and defined RI as an eGFR
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose: To identify the epidemiology and pathological types of kidney diseases and their changes during the past decade, in a population from Northeast China. Methods: We retrospectively analysed clinical and renal pathological data from 4910 patients who received renal biopsies in the Second Hospital of Jilin University from 2008 to 2017. Results: Males received more renal biopsies than females (p
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Some patients with psychiatric syndromes and increased ANA titers may suffer from psychiatric variants of SLE, even if the American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE are not met. Whether the psychiatric symptoms in our patient represent a prodromal stage with the later manifestation of full-blown SLE or a subtype of SLE with isolated CNS involvement remains unclear. Regardless, early diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive treatment are essential steps in preventing further disease progression and organ damage. Intrathecal ANAs with extractable nuclear antigen differentiation may be a more sensitiv...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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