China to study 'regional' approach to animal disease outbreaks

China will trial in France a new approach to responding to animal disease outbreaks that is less disruptive to trade, and which could be extended across the European Union, European commissioner Phil Hogan said on Thursday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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[WHO] Abuja -In the short time it has existed, Nigeria's public health institute, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), has reported, averted and controlled a myriad of disease outbreaks. A key factor in preventing either the occurrence or the spread of these outbreaks has been their early detection.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Denitza P Blagev, Dixie Harris, Angela C Dunn, David W Guidry, Colin K Grissom, Michael J LanspaSummaryBackgroundAn ongoing outbreak of lung injury associated with e-cigarettes or vaping (also known as E-VALI or VALI) started in March, 2019, in the USA. The cause, diagnosis, treatment, and course of this disease remains unknown.MethodsIn this multicentre, prospective, observational, cohort study, we collected data on all patients with lung injury associated with e-cigarettes or vaping seen in Intermountain Healthcare, an integrated health system...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Julien Guihaire, Francois Haddad, Mita Hoppenfeld, Myriam Amsallem, Jeffrey W. Christle, Clark Owyang, Khizer Shaikh, Joe L. HsuAbstractMechanical circulatory support (MCS) has made rapid progress over the last three decades. This was driven by the need to develop acute and chronic circulatory support as well as by the limited organ availability for heart transplantation. The growth of MCS was also driven by the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after the worldwide H1N1 influenza outbreak of 2009. The majority...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Wang Peirong Jiao There were five outbreaks of H7N9 influenza virus in humans in China since it emerged in 2013, infecting >1000 people. The H7N9 low pathogenic influenza virus was inserted into four amino acids in the HA protein cleavage site to mutate into the H7N9 highly pathogenic virus. This emerging virus caused 15 outbreaks in chickens from the end of 2016 to date. Two H7N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) strains, A/chicken/Guangdong/A46/2013 (LPAIV) and A/chicken/Guangdong/Q29/2017 (HPAIV), were selected to compare the pathogenicity and transmissibility between H7N9 LPAIVs and HPAIVs in chickens. We inocul...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Jeffrey A. SingerIn what it hailed as a “breakthrough, ” on November 8, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published the results of itsanalysis of lung fluid samples from 29 different patients hospitalized for vaping related illness in 10 different states. All 29 samples were found to contain vitamin E acetate, the synthetic form of vitamin E. Vitamin E acetate is an oil, and is suitable for ingesting, but can cause severe lung damage if inhaled.Vitamin E acetate is commonly used as the vehicle for delivering THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, in vaping  cartridges. The CDCreported t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: in Indonesia, there was dramatic increase of diphtheria case in 2010-2017, where immunization in children should be reinforced by increasing coverage more than 95% and adult boosted vaccination approaches should be initiated to prevent the spread of these fatal diphtheria diseases in Indonesia. PMID: 31699943 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
In conclusion, the author of this paper mentioned that immunization gap needs to be handle systematically. Immunization data released on 2017 showed that complete immunization was given only to 20% of targeted group, while almost 75% were either unvaccinated or unknown. During the outbreak of diphteria in Indonesia, the WHO also reported several countries with similar problem such as Bangladesh, Haiti and Yamen. It was shown that a coordination between doctors in clinic/hospital with public health officer to conduct an epidemiological investigation, in conjunction with giving prophylaxis and assuring the logistics of anti-...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
This report outlines the development of a rapid multiplex real-time PCR procedure that facilitates the identification of Salmonella serogroup I and the serovars of the group. Using Salmonella Gaminara serovar (O16:d:1,7) as an example, first the gene(s) responsible for expression of the somatic O antigen, O16, and the nucleotide sequence of the variable-region of genes encoding the flagellar phase-1 (d) and phase-2 (1,7) antigens were identified. Then, a multiplex real-time PCR was designed that incorporated primers and probes specific for the three target genes and confirmed the specificity. The assay had 100% inclusivity...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we reported a colorimetric biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of Salmonella Typhimurium using a magnetic grid separation column to efficiently separate target bacteria from large volume of sample and platinum loaded zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (Pt@ZIF-8) nanocatalysts to effectively amplify biological signal. The target Salmonella cells in large volume of sample were first separated and concentrated using the magnetic grid separation column with immune magnetic particle chains, then conjugated with the immune Pt@ZIF-8 nanocatalysts to mimic peroxidase for catalysis of hydrogen peroxide-3,3′,5,...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
This study describes two drinking water outbreaks in Finland in 2016 (outbreak I) and 2018 (outbreak II). Both outbreaks caused approximately 450 illness cases and were due to drinking water pipe breakage and subsequent wastewater intrusion into the distribution system. In both outbreaks, the sapovirus was found in patient samples as the main causative agent. In addition, adenoviruses and Dientamoeba fragilis (outbreak I), and noroviruses, astroviruses, enterotoxigenic and enterohemorragic Escherichia coli (ETEC and EHEC, respectively) and Plesiomonas shigelloides (outbreak II) were detected in patient samples. Water sampl...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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