Assessment of Carotid Intraplaque Neovascularization Using Superb Microvascular Imaging in High Risk of Stroke Individuals: Results From a Community-Based Study

Conclusions: Moderate to marked intraplaque neovascularization detected by SMI was more likely in subjects with a history of any territory stroke or TIA or thicker plaque. This indicates a potential new role of SMI in stratifying future risk of stroke or other arterial disease complications.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of postoperative complications in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and find predictors of postoperative complications. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 86 patients after simultaneous CABG and CEA. Inclusion criteria were: patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis with a reduction of the carotid lumen diameter of more than 70% detected with Doppler ultrasound and diagnosed with one, two, or three vessel coronary artery disease with coronary stenosis more tha...
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
A number of awake patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) present from test clamp neurological deficits (NDs) during the procedure. Current guidelines advocate tighter Doppler ultrasound (DUS) surveillance in these patients because of probable higher likelihood of hemodynamic stroke (class 1 grade C), although evidence is lacking regarding benefit. The aim for the study is the assumption that patients who present ND have a higher risk of developing a complete stroke if the ipsilateral carotid artery becomes occluded, and for this reason, surveillance over restenosis of endarterectomy in this group is justifiable; ...
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research
A number of awake patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) present from test clamp neurological deficits (ND) during the procedure. Current guidelines advocate tighter doppler ultrasound (DUS) surveillance in these patients due to probable higher likelihood of hemodynamic stroke (class 1 grade C), although evidence is lacking regarding benefit. the reasoning for the study is: the assumption that patients who present ND have a higher risk of developing a complete stroke if the ipsilateral carotid artery becomes occluded, and for this reason surveillance over restenosis of endarterectomy in this group is justifiable,...
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this small case series, hybrid revascularisation of carotid tandem lesions in symptomatic patients seems feasible and safe. Long-term data show a relatively high number of any adverse events. These surgical outcomes need to be offset against the natural course in patients with a symptomatic carotid tandem lesion. PMID: 30987818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Carotid atherosclerotic plaques are a source of emboli for stroke. 'Unstable' carotid atherosclerotic plaques may have intraplaque haemorrhages, neovessels, prevalent macrophages, excessive calcium deposits, a large lipid core and a thin fibrous cap. Regular physical activity (PA) may lower the risk of plaques becoming unstable. We evaluated the association of both PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) with carotid plaque histopathology. METHODS: 90 asymptomatic patients who were undergoing carotid endarterectomy for carotid artery narrowing identified on ultrasound reported their PA and SB by q...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Sports Med Source Type: research
Condition:   Stroke Intervention:   Procedure: CEA surgery Sponsor:   Xuanwu Hospital, Beijing Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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