Transformed Bone Marrow Cells Generate Neoplasms of Distinct Histogenesis. A Murine Model of Cancer Transplantation

Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Mireia Castillo-Martin, Nataliya Gladoun, Dan Han, Adolfo Firpo-Betancourt, Jose M. Silva, Carlos Cordon-CardoAbstractThe last several years have witnessed renewed interest regarding the contribution of cancer stem cells in tumorigenesis and neoplastic heterogeneity. It has been reported that patients who undergo bone marrow transplantation are more prone to develop a malignancy during their life time; usually hematological tumors, but solid neoplasms may also develop, which in certain instances are donor-derived. It has also been well documented that multipotent bone marrow derived cells can migrate to diverse organs, differentiating into various histological lineages. The present study reports an experimental syngeneic transplantation model, using fluorescently tagged bone marrow cells from p53 null male mice into female wild-type counterparts. We found that transplanted non-neoplastic mutant bone marrow cells can generate tumors of distinct histogenesis, including thymic lymphomas, sarcomas, and carcinomas after carcinogen induction, providing evidence that multipotent cancer-prone stem cells can reside in the bone marrow and are transplantable.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

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