Rising Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in the Elderly Rising Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in the Elderly
The incidence of atrial fibrillation among the elderly is on the rise and is projected to further increase. This editorial explores the challenges and possible solutions.Europace
This study is registered with the Netherlands Trial Registry, number NTR5263.FindingsWe screened patients for enrolment between Dec 3, 2015, and May 31, 2018. Patients completed baseline visits and started treatment between Dec 14, 2015, and July 2, 2018, and the last study visit of the last patient was Oct 4, 2018. Of 149 patients assessed for eligibility, 57 (38%) patients were excluded (predominantly because they did not meet one or several inclusion criteria, most often because of an absence of synovial inflammation or of flare-ups after NSAID washout) and 92 (62%) patients were eligible for inclusion. We randomly assi...
Conclusion: The EF and the preoperative left atrial diameter were determined to be the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in combination with cryoablation. Mitral valve surgery in combination with ablation for atrial fibrillation does not affect mortality and morbidity in the experienced health centers; however, it remains controversial whether it will provide additional health benefits to the patients compared to those who underwent only mitral valve surgery.
Abstract Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with several cardiovascular disorders, including coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation (AF), heart failure, ischemic stroke and increased mortality. The CHA2DS2-VASc score is used to estimate thromboembolic risk in AF. However, the association among MAC, MetS and thromboembolic risk is unknown and was evaluated in the current study. Methods: The study group consisted of 94 patients with ...
Abstract Atrial fibrillation is a common type of arrhythmia and is an important cause of stroke and heart failure. vitamin D is an emerging risk factor of AF, and is implicated in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. It has been established that this vitamin is extensively involved in the regulation of both the renin angiotensin aldosterone system and the immune system. Epidemiological studies have not yet reached a consensus on the possible association between vitamin D deficiency and atrial fibrillation. Better research designs and methods can further clarify the relationship between the two.
Abstract Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare cardiac malformation. Many cases are incidentally diagnosed in aortic surgeries or autopsies and it usually appears as an isolated anomaly. The most widely classification used is the one by Hurwitz and Roberts, which divides 7 alphabetical subtypes based on the cusps size. The aim of this report is to describe three different anatomic presentations of this rare aortic valve anomaly.
This Medical Letter review summarizes drugs available for anticoagulation and rate and rhythm control for use in patients with atrial fibrillation.
AbstractPurposePulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) by point-by-point radiofrequency application (PPRF) results in longer procedures than that achieved by single-shot ablation techniques. In addition, it is associated with significant risk of oesophageal injury. The POWER-FAST pilot study evaluated the feasibility and safety of PVI by high-power short-duration (HPSD) PPRF.MethodsHPSD PPRF around the PVs was done in 48 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation. Fifty watts was delivered until a predefined lesion index value was reached (LSI ≥ 5 or Abl-I ≥ 350) and 60 W during 7–10 s in the first 18 and last 3...
Review in-depth clinical information, latest medical news, and guidelines about cardiac arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Read about diagnostic tests for arrhythmia and arrhythmia management.
Conditions: Atrial Fibrillation; Heart Failure; Diastolic Heart Failure Interventions: Device: Catheter ablation; Drug: Rate or Rhythm control antiarrhythmic drugs for atrial fibrillation Sponsor: Electrophysiology Research Foundation Not yet recruiting
(University of California - San Francisco) The net clinical benefit of anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation (AF) -- one of the most important causes of irregular heartbeats and a leading cause of stroke -- decreases with age, as the risk of death from other factors diminishes their benefit in older patients, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.