The Prevalence and Risk Factors for S2 Alar-Iliac Screw Loosening with a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

The Prevalence and Risk Factors for S2 Alar-Iliac Screw Loosening with a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. Asian Spine J. 2019 Nov 05;: Authors: Nakashima H, Kanemura T, Satake K, Ito K, Ishikawa Y, Ouchida J, Segi N, Yamaguchi H, Imagama S Abstract Study Design: A retrospective cohort study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for S2 alar-iliac (SAI) screw loosening following lumbosacral fixation, with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Overview of Literature: Although SAI screws allow surgeons to perform lumbosacral fixation with a low profile and enhanced biomechanical strength, screw loosening following surgery can occur in some cases. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for SAI screw loosening. Methods: This retrospective study included 35 patients (mean age, 72.8±8.0 years; male, 10; female, 25) who underwent lumbosacral fixation using SAI screws with at least 2 years of follow-up. SAI screw loosening and L5-S bony fusion were assessed using computed tomography. The period for which the screws appeared loose and the risk factors for SAI screw loosening were investigated 2 years after surgery. Results: A total of 70 SAI screws and 70 S1 pedicle screws were inserted. Loosening was observed 0.5, 1, and 2 years after surgery in 17 (24.3%), 35 (50.0%), and 35 (50.0%) SAI screws, respectively. Bony fusion rate at L5-S was significantly lower in patients with SAI s...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Lumbar fusion through CBT instrumentation would reduce FJV. Computer-assisted navigation resulted in a lower incidence of FJV. Percutaneous instrumentation with navigation assistance is not a risk factor for FJV. Special care should be taken in patients with body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, left-side screw, facet angle ≥45 degrees, and scoliosis. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate airway development and airway resistance by computed tomographic three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the bronchial tree in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). We evaluated factors predicting postoperative respiratory complications to provide timely treatment, prevent complications, and improve operative and anesthetic safety.MethodsFrom August 2015 to August 2017, 53 AIS patients with a mean age of 15.4  years (range 10–20 years) were included in this study. Scoliotic parameters on radiographs were analyzed. Airway resistance was obtained by pulmonary func...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Masaaki Machino, Noriaki Kawakami, Tetsuya Ohara, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Shiro Imagama
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study aimed to elucidate the short-term outcome of the antSS+LP procedure. METHODS: The authors' analysis was based on data from 14 patients who underwent antSS+LP for cervical myelopathy caused by massive OPLL and were followed up for at least 2 years after surgery (mean follow-up duration 3.3 years). Clinical outcome was evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, and at the final follow-up using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system for cervical myelopathy and the recovery rate of the JOA score. The following radiographic parameters were measured preoperatively, immedi...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate whether the rotation of preoperative-presumed lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) is a risk factor for adding-on (AO) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with selective posterior thoracic fusion (sPTF).MethodsA total of 196 AIS patients of Lenke type 1A or 2A with minimum 2-year follow-up after sPTF with all pedicle screw instrumentation were included. Radiographical parameters were measured as follows: preoperative rotation angle of presumed LIV and LIV  + 1, LIV + 1/LIV rotation difference, postoperative rotation angle of LIV and LIV derotation angle o...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that with appropriate experience freehand positioning of pedicle screws is associated with comparable accuracy and less radiation exposure for patients than navigation procedures. With respect to the young age of patients, a radiation-induced long-term risk for malignant diseases should be taken into consideration. PMID: 32112224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Orthopade - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopade Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Achieving fusion at the lumbosacral junction poses many technical challenges. No data exist in the literature comparing radiographic or clinical outcomes between the different surgical techniques of transsacral fixation (TSF) with rods and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in conjunction with iliac fixation. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiographic fusions of TSF to TLIF in patients with adult spinal deformity undergoing long fusions across the lumbosacral junction. METHODS: Patients with primary adult spinal deformity who underwent long f...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
ConclusionsAfter this literature review and analysis of post-operative stenosis, it seems important to provide some advice to avoid revision surgeries more or less induced by the surgery. It looks interesting when performing simple decompression without fusion in the lumbar spine to analyse the risk of instability induced by the decompression and facet resection but also by a global balance analysis. Regarding pre-operative stenosis in a previously operated area, different causes may be evocated, like screw or cage malpositionning but also insufficient decompression which is a common cause. Intraoperatively, the use of neu...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We describe a comprehensive, multidisciplinary treatment approach for lumbar vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) with spinal stenosis and radiculopathy. A 59-year-old female presented with 1 year of pain predominantly in the lower back, with pain in the left buttock and proximal left anterior thigh as well and magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine demonstrated lumbar scoliosis and an L3 vertebral lesion suspicious for hemangioma. A computed tomography guided biopsy was done, which supported the diagnosis. Definitive treatment entailed preoperative angiography and embolization, followed by L3 laminectomy, right L3 pedicle ...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
This study seeks to evaluate the likelihood of screw misplacement at the end vertebra and apex. Methods: A retrospective review of preoperative and postoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans of spinal deformity patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw constructs between 2004 and 2011 was performed. Pedicles located at the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) and lower instrumented vertebra (LIV), and the major and minor apices were evaluated. Pedicle morphology was studied on preoperative CT and screw placement on postoperative CT. Results: In total, 188 patients met the inclusion criteria, 1...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Scoliosis Source Type: research
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