Postoperative Clinical Outcomes of Balloon Kyphoplasty Treatment: Would Adherence to Indications and Contraindications Prevent Complications?

Conclusions: Disease duration is a possible risk factor for developing AVF, whereas other characteristics were not risk factors for complications after BKP. Although it has been suggested that BKP treatment in the early phase after injury results in a good outcome, the indications should be determined according to prognosis that is based on findings obtained with tools such as imaging examinations. PMID: 31679326 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Clinical symptoms and spinal fusion efficiency were not significantly different between CBT and PS except for postoperative improvement in low back pain. The treatment effect on postoperative low back pain was smaller for CBT than for PS. PMID: 32213798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
C, Hartmann S Abstract Pedicle fractures are rare and usually associated with repetitive stress, high-speed trauma, osteoporosis, unilateral spondylolysis, or instrumentation surgery. A review of the current literature on bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine revealed only a few cases listed as a complication of instrumentation or excessive decompression surgery. The authors present the clinical case of a 49-year-old man with exacerbating low-back pain and intermittent L5 radicular pain. The known comorbidities were rather remarkable for systemic lupus erythematosus and osteopenia. Radiological investiga...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
By STEPHEN BORSTELMANN, MD Occasionally, you get handed a question you know little about, but it’s clear you need to know more.  Like most of us these days, I was chatting with my colleagues about the novel coronavirus. It goes by several names: SARS-CoV-2, 2019-nCoV or COVID-19 but I’ll just call it COVID.  Declared a pandemic on March 12, 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID is diagnosed by laboratory test – PCR.  The early PCR test used in Wuhan was apparently low sensitivity (30-60%), lengthy to run (days), and in short supply.  As CT scanning was relatively availa...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: COVID-19 Hospitals Medical Practice Physicians coronavirus CT scans Imaging infecton control Pandemic Radiology Stephen Borstelmann Source Type: blogs
Ethos Medical, a startup founded by Georgia Tech alumni, has developed the Iris needle guidance system to assist clinicians in successfully performing lumbar punctures. The system allows a clinician to visualize the needle traveling through tissue in...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Anesthesiology Exclusive Neurology Neurosurgery Radiology Source Type: blogs
Low back pain is one of most common musculoskeletal disorders around the world. One major problem clinicians face is the lack of objective assessment modalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are commonly utilized but are unable to clearly distinguish patients with low back pain from healthy patients with respect to abnormalities. The reason may be the anisotropic nature of muscles, which is altered in function, and the scans provide only structural assessment. In view of this, ultrasound may be helpful in understanding the disease as it is performed in real-time and comprises different modes that meas...
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We describe a rare case of leptomeningeal metastasis from pancreatic cancer. A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with unresectable pancreatic cancer and subsequently received systemic chemotherapy. Initial chemotherapy was effective. After 12  months the patient’s serum carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9 level had become elevated, and he presented with neck and back pain, and shoulder stiffness. Tumor enlargement was not detected by computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography–CT. Contrast CT of the brain revealed evidence o f leptomeningeal enhancement. Cerebrospinal fluid cytology showed atypical, bu...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to elucidate the short-term outcome of the antSS+LP procedure. METHODS: The authors' analysis was based on data from 14 patients who underwent antSS+LP for cervical myelopathy caused by massive OPLL and were followed up for at least 2 years after surgery (mean follow-up duration 3.3 years). Clinical outcome was evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, and at the final follow-up using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system for cervical myelopathy and the recovery rate of the JOA score. The following radiographic parameters were measured preoperatively, immedi...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the biomechanical properties of the lumbar extensor myofascia in elderly patients with chronic low back pain and healthy people when resting and to analyze the relationship between the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, Cobb angle, and disease course and the biomechanical characteristics of the lumbar extensor myofascia. This case-control study included 40 elderly patients with chronic low back pain and 40 healthy volunteers. MyotonPRO was used to measure the biomechanical properties of the bilateral lumbar extensor myofascia (at L3/L4 level) in all par...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: Here, the authors present a case of occiput-C1-C2 pseudojoint formation, leading to clinical and radiographic findings of cord compression due to boney outgrowth. PMID: 32123608 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Minakata T, Nakano Y, Tamura S, Kazuki Y, Hayakawa K, Hayakawa T, Oota T, Fuzimoto T, Yamano Y, Takii T Abstract A 74-year-old man underwent intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy for bladder cancer and later presented with lower left back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine showed high signal intensity, diagnosed as a cystic lesion in the epidural and bilateral intestinal psoas muscle. A computed tomography-guided needle biopsy and histological examination revealed bacteria from the family Mycobacteriaceae, and Mycobacterium bovis was identified using multiplex polymerase chain reac...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
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